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  • Thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) emitters are inexpensive and versatile materials for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) covering all colour regions. Here, the authors review double boron embedded multi resonant TADF emitters with particular attention to molecular design concepts, synthetic routes, optoelectronic properties, and OLED performance, providing future prospects for display applications.

    • Kenkera Rayappa Naveen
    • Hye In Yang
    • Jang Hyuk Kwon
    Review Article Open Access
  • 101Tc is a lesser studied technetium isotope, but its unique nuclear properties and varying routes of production make it interesting for an array of applications where its shorter half-life can be exploited. Here, the authors review the discovery, nuclear properties, synthesis and separation, as well as applications of 101Tc, and point towards future research directions.

    • Erik V. Johnstone
    • Natalia Mayordomo
    • Edward J. Mausolf
    Review Article Open Access
  • Ion separation membranes are of importance for a range of applications, including water treatment, raw material recovery, gas separation, and fuel cells, but traditional research and development methods can be expensive and time-consuming. Here, the authors review the capabilities and limitations of artificial intelligence in the design of high performing ion-selective membranes.

    • Reza Maleki
    • Seyed Mohammadreza Shams
    • Amir Razmjou
    Review Article Open Access
  • ‘Molecular surgery’ is a useful method through which to create endohedral fullerenes that aren’t accessible by conventional physical methods of trapping small atoms and molecules. Here, the authors review the organic chemistry behind molecular surgery, describing the methods to access open-cage intermediates alongside the cage-closing chemistry.

    • Sally Bloodworth
    • Richard J. Whitby
    Review Article Open Access
  • Control over chemical transformations in aqueous environments employing catalytic systems whose activity can be switched on/off is challenging. Here, the authors review the switchable catalytic systems that operate in aqueous environments in response to external stimuli, such as pH, temperature, light, small molecules, electric field, magnetic field and mechanical energy.

    • Nikita Das
    • Chandan Maity
    Review Article Open Access
  • Aluminum–sulfur batteries have a theoretical energy density comparable to lithium–sulfur batteries, whereas aluminum is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust and the least expensive metallic anode material to date. Here, the authors review experimental and computational approaches to tailor the chemical interactions between sulfur host materials and polysulfides in Al-S batteries and point towards promising future research directions.

    • Matthias Klimpel
    • Maksym V. Kovalenko
    • Kostiantyn V. Kravchyk
    Review Article Open Access
  • Continuously evolving computational methods are crucial to improve our understanding of the thermophysical properties of molten salts, which are experimentally hard to probe but used widely from steel manufacturing to solar power generation. Here, the authors review computational method developments from early simulations to current machine learning tools, and conclude with an outlook on the challenges molten salt simulations still pose.

    • Talmage Porter
    • Michael M. Vaka
    • Dennis Della Corte
    Review Article Open Access
  • Molecular dynamics simulations, used to study chemical and biophysical processes, rely on the accuracy of the employed force fields. Here, the authors review successes and key areas of difficulty in the development of additive and polarizable force fields, and discuss experimental data availability, how empirical refinement impacts parametrization, and highlight possible routes to further improve the accuracy of force fields.

    • Marcelo D. Polêto
    • Justin A. Lemkul
    Review Article Open Access
  • Synthetic models of cells are becoming increasingly sophisticated, but engineering communication between these and living cells remains challenging. Here the authors review modes of communication and signal processing between living cells and synthetic analogs, such as giant unilamellar vesicles, proteinosomes, and coacervates.

    • Vincent Mukwaya
    • Stephen Mann
    • Hongjing Dou
    Review Article Open Access
  • Mechanochemistry is driven by mechanical energy input, which often alleviates the need for solvents or heating to achieve desired products. Here, the author reviews mechanochemical syntheses of metal-oxide nanoparticles, exploring reaction mechanisms, and contrasting the influence of process parameters on the properties of end products.

    • Takuya Tsuzuki
    Review Article Open Access
  • Porphyrins have been incorporated into metal–organic frameworks in a periodic fashion in order to exploit their unique photophysical and electrochemical properties. This article reviews progress in the field, focusing on the fundamental physical properties that arise in porphyrin-based MOFs.

    • Sreehari Surendran Rajasree
    • Xinlin Li
    • Pravas Deria
    Review Article Open Access
  • Macrocycles have been widely studied for their structure-specific and highly selective recognition properties. Here the authors review the design, synthesis and applications of photo-, pH- and redox-responsive macrocycles.

    • Jingjing Yu
    • Dawei Qi
    • Jianwei Li
    Review Article Open Access
  • Aluminum dual-ion batteries have attracted considerable attention due to their low cost, safety, high energy density, energy efficiency, and long cycling life. Here the authors review working principles, electrolytes, and corrosion effects of this battery type.

    • Kostiantyn V. Kravchyk
    • Maksym V. Kovalenko
    Review Article Open Access
  • Bis(arylimino)acenaphthene ligands were recognized as robust scaffolds for metal complexes decades ago, but their redox non-innocence as well as their potential to mediate electro- or photo-catalysis remain subjects of active research. Here, the authors review the synthesis and properties of these poly-aromatic diimine ligands complexed to nominally redox-innocent p-block elements.

    • Jingyi Wang
    • Han Sen Soo
    • Felipe Garcia
    Review Article Open Access
  • Colour polymorphism is a rare phenomenon that occurs when a compound possesses packing or conformational polymorphs of different colours. Here the authors review representative chemical systems that display colour polymorphism and explore the origins of this property.

    • Bernardo A. Nogueira
    • Chiara Castiglioni
    • Rui Fausto
    Review Article Open Access
  • The bottom-up synthesis of extended aromatic hydrocarbons can yield curved ‘nanographenes’ with striking properties. Here, the authors review the synthetic advances towards extended corannulenes since 2006, and highlight key challenges facing researchers in the field.

    • Ezzah M. Muzammil
    • Dzeneta Halilovic
    • Mihaiela C. Stuparu
    Review Article Open Access
  • Three-dimensional covalent organic frameworks are attractive functional materials, although there are fewer examples than their two-dimensional counterparts. Here, the authors review the synthetic approaches yielding these compounds, and highlight key challenges facing researchers in the field.

    • Xingjian Ma
    • Timothy F. Scott
    Review Article Open Access