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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Droplet networks capable of transporting molecules between compartments can function as tissue-like materials. Here an encapsulated transcription/translation system generates a Zn-controlled membrane pore, which allows interdroplet transport, enzymatic deprotection and controlled release of a small molecule to the external environment.

    • Michael J. Booth
    • , Idil Cazimoglu
    •  & Hagan Bayley
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The thermodynamic parameters of molecules dispersed in water are influenced by the polarizability of their substituents. Here the formation of discrete aggregates from gear-shaped amphiphiles is determined by isothermal titration calorimetry, showing that substituents with higher polarizability stabilize the nanocubes enthalpically.

    • Yi-Yang Zhan
    • , Qi-Chun Jiang
    • , Kentaro Ishii
    • , Takuya Koide
    • , Osamu Kobayashi
    • , Tatsuo Kojima
    • , Satoshi Takahashi
    • , Masanori Tachikawa
    • , Susumu Uchiyama
    •  & Shuichi Hiraoka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Understanding the working mechanisms of electrochemical energy storage devices is crucial for the design of those with improved performances. Here the authors use Kelvin probe force microscopy to dynamically image the internal potential distribution in an operating all-solid-state Li ion battery.

    • Hideki Masuda
    • , Kyosuke Matsushita
    • , Daigo Ito
    • , Daisuke Fujita
    •  & Nobuyuki Ishida
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Amphiphilic block co-polymer vesicles have emerged as attractive artificial systems. Here the authors employ a continuously stirred tank reactor for the polymerization-induced self-assembly of giant polymer vesicles, mediated by radicals generated by an oscillating Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction.

    • Liman Hou
    • , Marta Dueñas-Díez
    • , Rohit Srivastava
    •  & Juan Pérez-Mercader
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Due to loss of sulfur to the electrolyte, maintaining high charge cycle stability is a key challenge for lithium sulfur batteries. Here a highly stable cathode material is obtained through molybdenum sulfide particle loading on a laser synthesised S- and N-doped graphene electrode.

    • Yihe Huang
    • , Richard Field
    • , Qian Chen
    • , Yudong Peng
    • , Monika S. Walczak
    • , Hu Zhao
    • , Guangyu Zhu
    • , Zhu Liu
    •  & Lin Li
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Azomethine ylides have long been identified as reactive intermediates in organic synthesis, but very little concrete structural data has been obtained. Here the authors report on the preparation, isolation and characterization of a stable 2-azaphenalenyl-based azomethine ylide.

    • Koji Katayama
    • , Akihito Konishi
    • , Koki Horii
    • , Makoto Yasuda
    • , Chitoshi Kitamura
    • , Jun-ichi Nishida
    •  & Takeshi Kawase
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Flexible, transparent supercapacitor electrodes are promising materials for innovative electronic and display applications. Here, the authors report a leaf-skeleton inspired core-shell network that exhibits up to 88% optical transmittance and is stable over 30000 bend-release cycles while retaining competitive electrochemical performance.

    • Duc Dung Nguyen
    • , Chung-Hsuan Hsiao
    • , Teng-Yu Su
    • , Ping-Yen Hsieh
    • , Yu-Ling Chen
    • , Yu-Lun Chueh
    • , Chi-Young Lee
    •  & Nyan-Hwa Tai
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Single-atom catalysts are highly active due to maximum dispersion of the active metal. Here single-atom nickel on carbon nanotubes is used as a support structure for ruthenium catalysed wet air oxidation of acetic acid.

    • Chengyu Jin
    • , Lei Ma
    • , Wenjing Sun
    • , Peiwei Han
    • , Xiangdong Tan
    • , Huiling Wu
    • , Mengyang Liu
    • , Haibo Jin
    • , Zhongshuai Wu
    • , Huangzhao Wei
    •  & Chenglin Sun
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Perovskite-type oxynitrides hold great potential for optical applications due to their excellent visible light absorption properties. Here, a defined precursor microstructure is used to modulate the oxidation state of tantalum during ammonolysis leading to a bright red perovskite containing tantalum in a rare 4+ -state.

    • Cora Bubeck
    • , Marc Widenmeyer
    • , Gunther Richter
    • , Mauro Coduri
    • , Eberhard Goering
    • , Songhak Yoon
    •  & Anke Weidenkaff
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ligand-directed protein labeling allows selective modification of native proteins but typically requires stoichiometric quantities of the labeling agent. Here a substoichiometric quantity of a peptide probe bound to a photocatalyst allows selective labeling of a target protein Cys residue in the presence of structurally similar proteins.

    • Hester A. Beard
    • , Jacob R. Hauser
    • , Martin Walko
    • , Rachel M. George
    • , Andrew J. Wilson
    •  & Robin S. Bon
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Dendrite formation on lithium metal anodes jeopardizes the safety of lithium ion batteries. Here the authors use in situ scanning electron microscopy to follow the evolution of dendrites and isles of a conductive salt forming on the anode surface, causing the battery to fault.

    • Maryam Golozar
    • , Andrea Paolella
    • , Hendrix Demers
    • , Stéphanie Bessette
    • , Marin Lagacé
    • , Patrick Bouchard
    • , Abdelbast Guerfi
    • , Raynald Gauvin
    •  & Karim Zaghib
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The basic principles behind the optoelectronic properties of metal nanoclusters are still not fully understood. Here the authors manipulate the surface ligand interactions on single metal nanoclusters, within self-assembled superlattices, and in confined nanopores to achieve precise modulation of emission colors and quantum yields.

    • Taiqun Yang
    • , Bingqian Shan
    • , Fang Huang
    • , Songqiu Yang
    • , Bo Peng
    • , Enhui Yuan
    • , Peng Wu
    •  & Kun Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Niobium pentoxides are valuable catalysts for biomass upgrading, and their acidity can be controlled through the choice of synthesis route. Here niobium pentoxide nanoparticles synthesised in acetophenone are shown to exhibit strong Brønsted and Lewis acidity, giving improved yields compared to conventional niobic acid in the reactions of common platform chemicals.

    • Kai Skrodczky
    • , Margarida M. Antunes
    • , Xianying Han
    • , Saveria Santangelo
    • , Gudrun Scholz
    • , Anabela A. Valente
    • , Nicola Pinna
    •  & Patrícia A. Russo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Thermodynamic template effects are widely used in supramolecular assembly, but kinetic template effects are less well understood. Here the contributions of thermodynamic and kinetic template effects in the self-assembly of palladium metallocages are disentangled using QASAP methodology.

    • Leonardo Hayato Foianesi-Takeshige
    • , Satoshi Takahashi
    • , Tomoki Tateishi
    • , Ryosuke Sekine
    • , Atsushi Okazawa
    • , Wenchao Zhu
    • , Tatsuo Kojima
    • , Koji Harano
    • , Eiichi Nakamura
    • , Hirofumi Sato
    •  & Shuichi Hiraoka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The optoelectronic and photophysical properties of conjugated polymers are strongly influenced by the formation of supramolecular aggregates. Here the authors use second- and third-harmonic scattering techniques to elucidate the mechanism and kinetics of the aggregation process and the role of external stimuli in the supramolecular organization.

    • Michèle Moris
    • , Marie-Paule Van Den Eede
    • , Guy Koeckelberghs
    • , Olivier Deschaume
    • , Carmen Bartic
    • , Stijn Van Cleuvenbergen
    • , Koen Clays
    •  & Thierry Verbiest
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Catalytic ‘hydrogen borrowing’ methodology is considered to be a powerful approach for carbon-nitrogen bond formation. Here the authors report a cooperative catalytic system for the synthesis of beta-amino acid esters from beta-hydroxyl acid esters, including the bio-derived 3-hydroxypropionic acid.

    • Anastasiia Afanasenko
    • , Tao Yan
    •  & Katalin Barta
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Formaldehyde is the simplest biological electrophile, yet its reactivity with amino acids is not well understood. Here formaldehyde is shown to form a range of products with proteinogenic amino acids and simple peptides, including N-methyl lysine.

    • Jos J. A. G. Kamps
    • , Richard J. Hopkinson
    • , Christopher J. Schofield
    •  & Timothy D. W. Claridge
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cathode materials for sodium ion batteries generally maintain electroneutrality during sodiation processes through redox reactions of transition metals. Here the authors look at the role of oxygen in charge-compensation in magnesium-doped cathodes to better understand capacity limitations.

    • Le Anh Ma
    • , Felix Massel
    • , Andrew J. Naylor
    • , Laurent-C. Duda
    •  & Reza Younesi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Tellurophenes are increasingly used in organic electronics and incorporated into devices, but their redox chemistry is poorly understood. Here the nucleophilicity of anions is shown to change the electrochemical redox behaviour of 2,5-substituted tellurophenes.

    • Naoki Shida
    • , Hiroki Nishiyama
    • , Feng Zheng
    • , Shuyang Ye
    • , Dwight S. Seferos
    • , Ikuyoshi Tomita
    •  & Shinsuke Inagi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nanoscale materials hold promising applications for controlled release of bioactive compounds. Here hollow gold nanoshells tethered to liposomes allows the controlled release of encapsulated neurochemicals by acoustic or laser stimulation

    • Sean M. Mackay
    • , David Mo Aung Myint
    • , Richard A. Easingwood
    • , Dylan Y. Hegh
    • , Jeffery R. Wickens
    • , Brian I. Hyland
    • , Guy N. L. Jameson
    • , John N. J. Reynolds
    •  & Eng Wui Tan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Antimony trisulfide is a promising light harvester for photovoltaics. Here the growth of single-crystals of antimony trisulfide on polycrystalline titania is reported to proceed via an epitaxial nucleation/growth mechanism. The resulting solar cell delivers a power conversion efficiency of 5.12%.

    • Junwei Chen
    • , Juanjuan Qi
    • , Rong Liu
    • , Xiaoguang Zhu
    • , Zhiyang Wan
    • , Qiuyuan Zhao
    • , Shanwen Tao
    • , Chao Dong
    • , Getinet Y. Ashebir
    • , Wangwei Chen
    • , Ruixiang Peng
    • , Fapei Zhang
    • , Shangfeng Yang
    • , Xingyou Tian
    •  & Mingtai Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    At low voltages, lithium-rich cathodes can undergo a detrimental voltage fade. Here by tuning the band structure of the cathode, 85% capacity retention over 400 cycles is achieved.

    • Prem Chandan
    • , Chung-Chieh Chang
    • , Kuo-Wei Yeh
    • , Chui-Chang Chiu
    • , Dong-Ze Wu
    • , Tzu-Wen Huang
    • , Phillip M. Wu
    • , Po-Wei Chi
    • , Wei-Fan Hsu
    • , Kai-Han Su
    • , Yu-Wen Lee
    • , Hua-Shu Chang
    • , Ming-Jye Wang
    • , Heng-Liang Wu
    • , Horng-Yi Tang
    •  & Maw-Kuen Wu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Donor-acceptor Stenhouse adducts are a relatively new class of photoswitches with promising applications in medical and materials sciences. Here the role of water in inducing isomerisation is explored experimentally and theoretically, showing that water can induce a thermal isomerisation pathway and stabilise the cyclic product.

    • Dongsheng Wang
    • , Lei Zhao
    • , Haiquan Zhao
    • , Jiazun Wu
    • , Manfred Wagner
    • , Wen Sun
    • , Xiaodong Liu
    • , Mao-sheng Miao
    •  & Yonghao Zheng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Vibrational sum-frequency generation spectroscopy is a powerful method for the study of fast dynamics at the air-water interface, but relating spectral and molecular dynamics can be computationally expensive. Here a simple method to calculate time-dependent frequency-resolved SFG spectra of interfacial systems is introduced.

    • Deepak Ojha
    • , Naveen Kumar Kaliannan
    •  & Thomas D. Kühne
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A key challenge in the bottom-up synthesis of artificial cells is the controlled coupling of different reaction networks. Here, a cross-catalytic relationship is established between the growth and division of a vesicle membrane and a surface-bound polymer.

    • Minoru Kurisu
    • , Harutaka Aoki
    • , Takehiro Jimbo
    • , Yuka Sakuma
    • , Masayuki Imai
    • , Sandra Serrano-Luginbühl
    •  & Peter Walde
  • Article
    | Open Access

    High entropy oxides can exhibit remarkable properties which may be amenable to pressure tuning. Here a fluorite-type high entropy oxide is shown to undergo pressure-induced lattice distortion with associated changes to optical behaviour.

    • Benyuan Cheng
    • , Hongbo Lou
    • , Abhishek Sarkar
    • , Zhidan Zeng
    • , Fei Zhang
    • , Xiehang Chen
    • , Lijie Tan
    • , Vitali Prakapenka
    • , Eran Greenberg
    • , Jianguo Wen
    • , Ruzica Djenadic
    • , Horst Hahn
    •  & Qiaoshi Zeng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Carbon-based materials such as graphene oxide are promising catalysts but are often incompatible with high temperatures or microwave irradiation. Here asphaltene oxide is shown to catalyze transformations that range from Claisen-Schmidt and aldol condensations to C–C cross-couplings and microwave-promoted Fischer indole syntheses.

    • Hyosic Jung
    •  & Christopher W. Bielawski
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Lysine methyltransferases (KMTs) play important roles in epigenetics. Here human KMTs are shown through a combination of experimental and computational methods to methylate non-natural histone peptides containing various non-lysine nucleophiles.

    • Abbas H. K. Al Temimi
    • , Helene I. V. Amatdjais-Groenen
    • , Y. Vijayendar Reddy
    • , Richard H. Blaauw
    • , Hong Guo
    • , Ping Qian
    •  & Jasmin Mecinović
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Linear ubiquitylation of NEMO is implicated in intracellular immune signalling but monoubiquitylated NEMO is synthetically inaccessible. Here the authors report auxiliary-assisted ubiquitylation of peptides including the CoZi domain of NEMO and explore its linear ubiquitylation mechanism.

    • Fabienne Burlina
    • , Abu-Baker M. Abdel-Aal
    • , Richard Raz
    • , Irene Pinzuti
    • , George Papageorgiou
    • , Jiejin Li
    • , Robin Antrobus
    • , Stephen R. Martin
    • , Simone Kunzelmann
    • , Benjamin Stieglitz
    •  & John Offer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cinnamic acid and related monomers are challenging to polymerise but offer interesting features combining structural elements of both acrylates and styrenes. Here homopolymers of cinnamic monomers are obtained by group transfer polymerisation under mild conditions.

    • Motosuke Imada
    • , Yasumasa Takenaka
    • , Hidehito Hatanaka
    • , Takeharu Tsuge
    •  & Hideki Abe
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ruthenium(II) complexes are widely used as photosensitisers for electron transfer, but given their high intrinsic symmetry, the origin of the excited state dipole moment is unclear. Here two-photon absorption experiments supported by theoretical calculations suggest this arises from solvent-solute electronic interactions.

    • Charles W. Stark
    • , Aleksander Trummal
    • , Merle Uudsemaa
    • , Juri Pahapill
    • , Matt Rammo
    • , Katrin Petritsenko
    • , Meelis-Mait Sildoja
    •  & Aleksander Rebane
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Sensing dilute hydrocarbons such as liquefied petroleum gas presents challenges for selectivity and sensitivity. Here a cube-shaped assembly of amphiphiles selectively exhibits fluorescence in the presence of alkanes in water at room temperature, with a response time on the order of seconds.

    • Yi-Yang Zhan
    • , Jingyuan Liao
    • , Mizuho Kajita
    • , Tatsuo Kojima
    • , Satoshi Takahashi
    • , Tomohisa Takaya
    • , Koichi Iwata
    •  & Shuichi Hiraoka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The incorporation of mechanical bonds into porous materials offers opportunities for new functionality. Here a covalent organic framework is synthesized by polymerization of a cucurbituril-viologen complex, imparting improved thickness, stability, and luminescence compared to the unrotaxanated viologen-based COF.

    • Gobinda Das
    • , Sudhir Kumar Sharma
    • , Thirumurugan Prakasam
    • , Felipe Gándara
    • , Renny Mathew
    • , Nour Alkhatib
    • , Na’il Saleh
    • , Renu Pasricha
    • , John-Carl Olsen
    • , Maria Baias
    • , Serdal Kirmizialtin
    • , Ramesh Jagannathan
    •  & Ali Trabolsi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Precipitation of inorganic materials on cell surfaces is well established but intracellular nanoparticle synthesis is less common. Here the crystallisation of calcium carbonate from exogenous ions within red blood cells is shown to selectively sequester Pb(II) from blood and to reduce accumulation of Pb(II) in mouse kidney and liver tissue.

    • Xiangli Ru
    • , Yuming Guo
    • , Zhengyu Bai
    • , Xiaoxiao Xie
    • , Xiaoming Ma
    • , Lin Zhu
    • , Kui Wang
    • , Feifei Wang
    • , Lin Yang
    •  & Jun Lu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Asymmetric dihydroxylation of olefins is a core transformation in organic chemistry and its syn-selective version is commonly catalysed by toxic osmium catalysts. Here a molybdenum-catalysed anti-dihydroxylation of allylic alcohols yields triols with high regio- and enantioselectivity, proceeding in a cascade of epoxidation and epoxide ring opening.

    • Pei Fan
    •  & Chuan Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Numerous methods for transition metal-catalysed hydrosilylation exist but iridium catalysis offers attractive advantages. Here the authors describe a broadly-applicable method for the Markovnikov hydrosilylation of terminal alkynes using a commercial iridium catalyst.

    • Xingze Xie
    • , Xueyan Zhang
    • , Weiwei Gao
    • , Congcong Meng
    • , Xiaojun Wang
    •  & Shengtao Ding
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The reactivity of small molecule gases at high pressure has implications for astrochemistry. Here helium is shown in silico to form stable compounds with water and ammonia at gigapascal pressures.

    • Yihong Bai
    • , Zhen Liu
    • , Jorge Botana
    • , Dadong Yan
    • , Hai-Qing Lin
    • , Jian Sun
    • , Chris J. Pickard
    • , Richard J. Needs
    •  & Mao-Sheng Miao
  • Article
    | Open Access

    White beetle scales strongly scatter white light, whilst being very thin. Here, the authors measured the internal scale nanostructure for the beetles, Cyphochilus and L. stigma, and demonstrate that the optical structure can be simulated using liquid–liquid phase separation nanostructures, pointing to this as the formation mechanism.

    • Stephanie L. Burg
    • , Adam Washington
    • , David M. Coles
    • , Antonino Bianco
    • , Daragh McLoughlin
    • , Oleksandr O. Mykhaylyk
    • , Julie Villanova
    • , Andrew J. C. Dennison
    • , Christopher J. Hill
    • , Pete Vukusic
    • , Scott Doak
    • , Simon J. Martin
    • , Mark Hutchings
    • , Steven R. Parnell
    • , Cvetelin Vasilev
    • , Nigel Clarke
    • , Anthony J. Ryan
    • , Will Furnass
    • , Mike Croucher
    • , Robert M. Dalgliesh
    • , Sylvain Prevost
    • , Rajeev Dattani
    • , Andrew Parker
    • , Richard A. L. Jones
    • , J. Patrick A. Fairclough
    •  & Andrew J. Parnell
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Partitioning of volatile organic compounds between air and airborne particles is usually treated as an equilibrium process. Here mass spectrometry is used to measure the dynamic isothermal partitioning of such compounds, finding that gas-to-particle mass transfer is rapid in the lower atmosphere.

    • Xiaoxi Liu
    • , Douglas A. Day
    • , Jordan E. Krechmer
    • , Wyatt Brown
    • , Zhe Peng
    • , Paul J. Ziemann
    •  & Jose L. Jimenez
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Bacteriophages are widely used in nanotechnology. Here the specific intermolecular forces controlling interactions between a bacteriophage peptide and several self-assembled monolayers are probed and shown to depend on pi-pi stacking and hydrophobic interactions.

    • Chanoong Lim
    • , Jina Ko
    • , Dasom Jeon
    • , Yoojung Song
    • , Jinwoo Park
    • , Jungki Ryu
    •  & Dong Woog Lee
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Exfoliation of layered materials is a common route to 2D materials. Here an amorphous copolymer of benzoquinone and pyrrole is exfoliated to yield an active HER catalyst.

    • Shoichiro Yano
    • , Kosuke Sato
    • , Jumpei Suzuki
    • , Hiroaki Imai
    •  & Yuya Oaki
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Lithium oxygen batteries are prone to degradation resulting from the applied overpotential. Here the surface functionalisation of titanium nitride and carbide MXenes is studied theoretically and shown to reduce the overpotential by up to 80% and to enhance ORR by a factor of 60 compared to common graphene-based catalysts.

    • Alireza Ostadhossein
    • , Jack Guo
    • , Filip Simeski
    •  & Matthias Ihme
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Selective labeling of biomolecules is a powerful technology for chemical biology. Here a silver-catalysed chemoselective modification of cysteine residues by isoxazolinium reagents is described.

    • Jie-Ren Deng
    • , Sai-Fung Chung
    • , Alan Siu-Lun Leung
    • , Wai-Ming Yip
    • , Bin Yang
    • , Man-Chung Choi
    • , Jian-Fang Cui
    • , Karen Ka-Yan Kung
    • , Zhen Zhang
    • , Kar-Wai Lo
    • , Yun-Chung Leung
    •  & Man-Kin Wong
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Near-infrared fluorescence probes that respond to pH are effective tools to analyse pH-driven biological processes but share common limitations. Here the authors report a germanium-rhodamine based near-infrared probe with appropriate pKa value for biological applications and improved photostabillity and quantum yield.

    • Yuichiro Koide
    • , Ryosuke Kojima
    • , Kenjiro Hanaoka
    • , Koji Numasawa
    • , Toru Komatsu
    • , Tetsuo Nagano
    • , Hisataka Kobayashi
    •  & Yasuteru Urano
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The details of interaction of organic acids with metal oxide surfaces are of wide interest in heterogeneous catalysis. Here the authors use combination of theory and experiments to study the adsorption of formic acid on magnetite surface revealing the details on the atomic scale adsorption mechanism.

    • Björn Arndt
    • , Kai Sellschopp
    • , Marcus Creutzburg
    • , Elin Grånäs
    • , Konstantin Krausert
    • , Vedran Vonk
    • , Stefan Müller
    • , Heshmat Noei
    • , Gregor B. V. Feldbauer
    •  & Andreas Stierle