Browse Articles

  • Article | | open

    Extraction of water from air is a promising way to secure fresh water supplies in remote, arid regions. Here a composite material consisting of calcium chloride incorporated into alginate-derived beads is described, and shown to reversibly absorb 660 kg of water per cubic meter of material from the air.

    • Paul A. Kallenberger
    •  & Michael Fröba
  • Article | | open

    Palladium can catalyse both the reductive carbonylation of aryl halides to aldehydes, and the reductive amination of benzaldehydes with amines. Here the authors describe a tandem reductive carbonylation/reductive amination using carbon monoxide as the carbonyl source, constituting aminomethylation of aryl halides

    • Jin-Bao Peng
    • , Fu-Peng Wu
    • , Cong Xu
    • , Xinxin Qi
    • , Jun Ying
    •  & Xiao-Feng Wu
  • Article | | open

    Small-molecule metabolites can form amyloid fibrils associated with human disease, similar to those formed by proteins. Here the authors show that generic polyphenol inhibitors of protein amyloid formation also inhibit the aggregation of metabolite fibrils and reduce their cytotoxicity.

    • Shira Shaham-Niv
    • , Pavel Rehak
    • , Dor Zaguri
    • , Aviad Levin
    • , Lihi Adler-Abramovich
    • , Lela Vuković
    • , Petr Král
    •  & Ehud Gazit
  • Article | | open

    Silicon is a promising anode material owing to its high theoretical capacity, but can be unstable over charge/discharge cycles owing to a large volume change during cycling. Here, the authors report improved stability (>99.8% efficiency over 100 cycles) using porous silicon films with inorganic solid electrolyte.

    • Junichi Sakabe
    • , Narumi Ohta
    • , Tsuyoshi Ohnishi
    • , Kazutaka Mitsuishi
    •  & Kazunori Takada
  • Article | | open

    The synthesis and folding pathways of insulin and related proteins are of wide interest. Here the authors characterise the major two-chain oxidative folding pathways of bovine pancreatic insulin, and develop synthetic conditions applicable to related foldable insulin variants

    • Kenta Arai
    • , Toshiki Takei
    • , Reina Shinozaki
    • , Masato Noguchi
    • , Shouta Fujisawa
    • , Hidekazu Katayama
    • , Luis Moroder
    • , Setsuko Ando
    • , Masaki Okumura
    • , Kenji Inaba
    • , Hironobu Hojo
    •  & Michio Iwaoka
  • Article | | open

    Identifying active sites in metal-substituted zeolite catalysts can be challenging as different metal sites can have similar molecular environments. Here the authors use solid-state NMR to identify two different open tin sites in Sn-β zeolite, and to detect a reversible conversion between open and closed sites.

    • Guodong Qi
    • , Qiang Wang
    • , Jun Xu
    • , Qinming Wu
    • , Chao Wang
    • , Xingling Zhao
    • , Xiangju Meng
    • , Fengshou Xiao
    •  & Feng Deng
  • Article | | open

    Constructing metal-organic architectures with flexible organic linkers is challenging as there is an entropic barrier to their adopting well-defined conformations. Here the authors use oligoketones as precursors to flexible oligoimine linkers for two-dimensional and three-dimensional metal-organic assemblies.

    • Mitsuharu Uesaka
    • , Yuki Saito
    • , Shota Yoshioka
    • , Yuya Domoto
    • , Makoto Fujita
    •  & Yasuhide Inokuma
  • Article | | open

    According to Hückel’s and Baird’s rules, compounds which are aromatic in the singlet ground state are antiaromatic in the lowest triplet state and vice-versa. Here the authors report DFT calculations demonstrating that an osmapentalene is aromatic in both its singlet ground state and lowest triplet state.

    • Dandan Chen
    • , Ting Shen
    • , Ke An
    •  & Jun Zhu
  • Article | | open

    Developing versatile luminescent platforms to distinguish metal ions in water, and volatile organic compounds is challenging. Here, a film containing bimetallic lanthanide metal-organic frameworks selectively recognize aqueous ferric ions within seconds and styrene vapor within minutes.

    • Yan Su
    • , Junhong Yu
    • , Youbing Li
    • , Soo Fiona Zeng Phua
    • , Guofeng Liu
    • , Wei Qi Lim
    • , Xiaozhan Yang
    • , Rakesh Ganguly
    • , Cuong Dang
    • , Chaolong Yang
    •  & Yanli Zhao
  • Article | | open

    Displacement of water molecules from proteins can lead to higher affinity or selectivity of ligands, but measuring individual water binding energies is challenging. Here calculated binding free energies are used to estimate the stability of conserved water in 35 bromodomains and to predict the ease of displacement.

    • Matteo Aldeghi
    • , Gregory A. Ross
    • , Michael J. Bodkin
    • , Jonathan W. Essex
    • , Stefan Knapp
    •  & Philip C. Biggin
  • Article | | open

    Manganese dioxide is a promising material for energy storage applications, but is limited by its brittleness and poor conductivity. Here, manganese dioxide domains are electrochemically deposited onto carbon nanotube networks to produce flexible and conductive hybrid fiber-shaped supercapacitors.

    • Wei Gong
    • , Bunshi Fugetsu
    • , Zhipeng Wang
    • , Ichiro Sakata
    • , Lei Su
    • , Xueji Zhang
    • , Hironori Ogata
    • , Mingda Li
    • , Chao Wang
    • , Ju Li
    • , Josue Ortiz-Medina
    • , Mauricio Terrones
    •  & Morinobu Endo
  • Article | | open

    Improving the synthesis of crystalline monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides requires insight into domain and boundary structures. Here, the authors produce monolayer rhenium diselenide by chemical vapour deposition onto gold foil, allowing in situ analysis of domain and defect structure.

    • Shaolong Jiang
    • , Min Hong
    • , Wei Wei
    • , Liyun Zhao
    • , Na Zhang
    • , Zhepeng Zhang
    • , Pengfei Yang
    • , Nan Gao
    • , Xiebo Zhou
    • , Chunyu Xie
    • , Jianping Shi
    • , Yahuan Huan
    • , Lianming Tong
    • , Jijun Zhao
    • , Qing Zhang
    • , Qiang Fu
    •  & Yanfeng Zhang
  • Article | | open

    The synthesis of electrically undoped silicon clathrate and unusual silicon phases is a challenge, but such materials have attractive opto-electronic properties. Here, high-throughput modeling predicts that noble gases may induce nucleation of unexpected phases from liquid silicon at high temperature and pressure.

    • Yuanfei Bi
    • , Enshi Xu
    • , Timothy A. Strobel
    •  & Tianshu Li
  • Article | | open

    For many applications, positron emission tomography tracers must be produced with high specific activity. Here the authors identify variables leading to increased specific activity when tracers are synthesized in microliter volumes, and show that specific activity can influence tracer biodistribution.

    • Maxim Sergeev
    • , Mark Lazari
    • , Federica Morgia
    • , Jeffrey Collins
    • , Muhammad Rashed Javed
    • , Olga Sergeeva
    • , Jason Jones
    • , Michael E. Phelps
    • , Jason T. Lee
    • , Pei Yuin Keng
    •  & R. Michael van Dam
  • Article | | open

    The self-assembly of thermally stable structures in water is a challenge in supramolecular chemistry. Here, cooperativity between weak intramolecular forces allows amphiphiles to associate into cube-shaped assemblies that are thermally stable in water up to 150 °C.

    • Yi-Yang Zhan
    • , Kazuho Ogata
    • , Tatsuo Kojima
    • , Takuya Koide
    • , Kentaro Ishii
    • , Takako Mashiko
    • , Masanori Tachikawa
    • , Susumu Uchiyama
    •  & Shuichi Hiraoka
  • Article | | open

    The conversion of carbon dioxide into valuable commodity chemicals is a promising approach to exploit anthropogenic emissions. Here, the authors use carbon-supported iron combined with alkali promoters derived from biomass to convert carbon dioxide directly to heavy linear terminal olefins.

    • Lisheng Guo
    • , Jian Sun
    • , Xuewei Ji
    • , Jian Wei
    • , Zhiyong Wen
    • , Ruwei Yao
    • , Hengyong Xu
    •  & Qingjie Ge
  • Article | | open

    Singlet fission events could be exploited to improve solar cell performance, but currently their characterization is challenging. Here, the authors exploit magnetic field effects at low magnetic field strengths to determine the structure and diffusion pathways of triplet-exciton pairs and to predict the efficiency of singlet fission events.

    • Masanobu Wakasa
    • , Tomoaki Yago
    • , Yoriko Sonoda
    •  & Ryuzi Katoh
  • Article | | open

    Metal-organic frameworks are candidates for future energy storage materials, but are limited by poor conductivity and random crystal orientation on current collectors. Here, fabrication of electrodes containing uniformly oriented crystals supported by carbon nanowalls leads to improved electrochemical performance.

    • Ting Deng
    • , Wei Zhang
    • , Oier Arcelus
    • , Dong Wang
    • , Xiaoyuan Shi
    • , Xiaoyu Zhang
    • , Javier Carrasco
    • , Teófilo Rojo
    •  & Weitao Zheng
  • Article | | open

    Graphene oxide membranes are promising materials for the separation of low molecular weight gases. Here, composite membranes comprising metal organic frameworks and graphene oxide show improved selectivity for the separation of hydrogen and carbon dioxide over graphene oxide alone.

    • Zixi Kang
    • , Sasa Wang
    • , Lili Fan
    • , Minghui Zhang
    • , Wenpei Kang
    • , Jia Pang
    • , Xinxin Du
    • , Hailing Guo
    • , Rongming Wang
    •  & Daofeng Sun
  • Article | | open

    When hydrocarbon molecules are exposed to an intense laser field, triatomic hydrogen molecular ions are ejected. Here, femtosecond spectroscopic study of the production of triatomic hydrogen ions from methanol dications offers insight into the dynamics of hydrocarbon cations.

    • Toshiaki Ando
    • , Akihiro Shimamoto
    • , Shun Miura
    • , Atsushi Iwasaki
    • , Katsunori Nakai
    •  & Kaoru Yamanouchi
  • Editorial | | open

    Today we launch Communications Chemistry, an open access, multidisciplinary chemistry journal from Nature Research publishing articles, reviews and commentary across the chemical sciences.

  • Article | | open

    Imparting both high strength and stretchability in polymers is challenging as it requires changing the crosslinking density of the polymer network. Here, Miwa et al. use an ionic elastomer with dynamic crosslinks to achieve high strength under rapid deformation but high stretchability under slow deformation in a single material.

    • Yohei Miwa
    • , Junosuke Kurachi
    • , Yu Kohbara
    •  & Shoichi Kutsumizu
  • Article | | open

    Amplifying enantioselective interactions to the macroscopic scale remains a challenging goal. Here, visible gel pieces assemble enantioselectively as a result of chiral recognition between tryptophan and cyclodextrin monomers.

    • Yongtai Zheng
    • , Yuichiro Kobayashi
    • , Tomoko Sekine
    • , Yoshinori Takashima
    • , Akihito Hashidzume
    • , Hiroyasu Yamaguchi
    •  & Akira Harada
  • Article | | open

    Tungstate accumulates in bone and can be resistant to chelation therapies typically used to remove heavy metals in vivo. Here, tungstate is shown to accumulate in mouse bone tissue in a persistent, insoluble form proposed to be condensed polytungstate.

    • Cassidy R. VanderSchee
    • , David Kuter
    • , Alicia M. Bolt
    • , Feng-Chun Lo
    • , Renfei Feng
    • , Juergen Thieme
    • , Yu-chen Karen Chen-Wiegart
    • , Garth Williams
    • , Koren K. Mann
    •  & D. Scott Bohle
  • Article | | open

    Transition state energy correlations are key to the computational search for new catalysts, but are computationally expensive. Here the authors generalize a recent approach based on bond-order conservation arguments and apply it to dehydrogenation reactions on low index metal surfaces

    • Liang Yu
    • , Laia Vilella
    •  & Frank Abild-Pedersen