Photovoltaic scale-up and deployment

Photovoltaics has become established as an important part of renewable electricity generation, with around 400 GW of installed capacity at the end of 2017. As technologies mature, costs go down and markets expand, opening new opportunities for photovoltaics — including larger and more cost-effective solar farms and a diversification of photovoltaic integration routes — and unearthing new challenges. This Focus issue explores some of the challenges in scaling-up photovoltaic technologies from the laboratory to the real world, and discusses two emerging deployment routes.



Perspective and Review

Further reading