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Nature Immunology presents a series of specially commissioned articles discussing the newest insights into the tissue-specific characteristics of inflammation, the roles of microbiota and nutrition in driving inflammation, and the mechanistic and genetic bases of inflammation resolution and autoinflammation.
Magarian Blander and colleagues review the effects of the microbiome on innate and adaptive immunological players and how microbiota-derived bioactive molecules affect inflammation and the host response to infection, vaccination and cancer.
Beyaert, Karin and colleagues discuss the key molecular mechanisms that contribute to the self-limiting nature of inflammatory signaling, with emphasis on the negative regulation of the NF-κB pathway and the NLRP3 inflammasome.