Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Milestone |

HIV research

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) – the etiologic agent of AIDS – is one of the most intensively studied disease organisms in history. Since its first identification in the early 1980s, HIV has transformed into a pandemic, globally infecting more 36 million people and annually contributing to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of patients – particularly in low income countries. This Milestone charts the history of HIV research on an interactive Timeline, from its origins to the latest developments in HIV treatment, vaccines and insights from the study of HIV/AIDS pathogenesis. 

Editorial Leads: Alison Farrell, Zoltan Fehervari, Javier Martinez-Vesga, Clare Thomas, Ashley York
Production Editor: Simon Fenwick
Art Editor: Chris Ryan
Multimedia Producer: Geoff Marsh
Multimedia Adviser: Shamini Bundell
Publishing Manager: Alison Mercer
Web Production Manager: Nick Bruni
Marketing: Nicole Jackson
Commercial Project Managers: Yvette Smith, Claudia Danci
Sponsorship: David Bagshaw

We gratefully acknowledge scientific advice from:

Eric J Arts (Western University, Canada)
Jared Baeten (University of Washington, USA)
Dan Barouch (Harvard Medical School, USA)
Paul Bieniasz (The Rockefeller University, USA)
Pamela Bjorkman (Caltech, USA)
Nicolas Chomont (University of Montreal, USA)
Ronald Collman (University of Pennsylvania, USA)
Steven Deeks (University of San Francisco, USA)
Ronald C. Desrosiers (University of Miami, USA)
Daniel Douek (National Institutes of Health, USA)
Michael Emerman (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, USA)
Beatrice H. Hahn (University of Pennsylvania, USA)
Stephen C. Harrison (Harvard Medical School, USA)
Salim Abdool Karim (Columbia University, USA)
Sharon Lewin (Doherty Institute, Australia)
Jeffrey Lifson (Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, USA)
Michael Malim (Kings College, UK)
Julie McElrath (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, USA)
Donna Mildvan (Mount Sinai, USA)
Michel Nussenzweig (The Rockefeller University, USA)
Julie Overbaugh (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, USA)
Giuseppe Pantaleo (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
Louis Picker (Oregon Health and Sciences University, USA)
Doug Richman (University of San Diego, USA)
Quentin Sattentau (University of Oxford, UK)
Robin Shattock (Imperial College, UK)
Guido Silvestri (Emory University, USA)
Alexandra Trkola (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
Robert Yarchoan (National Institutes of Health, USA)

Contributing journals

Nature Medicine
Nature Immunology
Nature Communications
Nature Reviews Disease Primers
Nature Reviews Microbiology
Nature Reviews Immunology
Nature Biomedical Engineering
Nature Reviews Rheumatology
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery
Nature Reviews Urology


This Milestone is editorially independent, produced with financial support from a third party. About this content.


Quick links