2D materials face challenges along the road to commercialization, with increasing efforts being made in order to satisfy industrial needs.
2D materials from lab to Industry
Following the prosperity of academic research on 2D materials, the field is trying to identify and overcome the challenges for commercializing the lab discoveries. This focus issue highlights the advances and industrial requirements regarding the quality control of 2D materials synthesis and fabrication, as well as the possibilities of integrating 2D materials with contemporary materials and manufacturing processes in the industry.
News and Comments
The past few years have witnessed significant development in graphene research, yet a number of challenges remain for its commercialization and industrialization. This Comment discusses relevant issues for industrial-scale graphene synthesis, one of the critical aspects for the future graphene industry.
Electronic and photonic devices based on graphene have unique properties, leading to outstanding performance figures of merit. Mastering the integration of this unconventional material into an established semiconductor fabrication line represents a critical step towards commercialization.
An oxygen-free method of growing transition metal selenides leads to atomically thin films with unprecedented robustness against the most hostile conditions.
Research and Reviews
Integrating 3D bulk materials with 2D layered materials can harness promising properties and unique functions. This Review discusses the progress in the fabrication, physical coupling and potential applications of 3D/2D hybrid heterostructures.
Disorder in two-dimensional materials largely affects their properties and performance. This Perspective discusses disorder sources in graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, the progress in disorder control, and possible uses of disorder.
Wafer-scale two-dimensional transition metal selenides, with high structural quality and environmental stability, can be obtained by two-step vapour deposition in oxygen-free conditions. The grown films maintain robust superconductivity even after harsh treatments.