Nature Milestones in Vaccines

Vaccination has contributed to saving more lives than any other medical intervention in history. This Milestone provides a historical perspective of the breakthroughs in the field – from the centuries-old technique of ‘variolation’ to the synthetic anti-cancer vaccines of the modern era. The Milestone includes an interactive timeline and two explanatory animations.

Editorial Leads:  Zoltan Fehervari, Kirsty Minton, João H. Duarte
Production: Simon Fenwick, Sue Gray, Nick Bruni
Art Editor: Jason Mischka
Publishing Manager: Rebecca Jones
Multimedia Editors: Dan Fox, Noah Baker
Animators: Rosanna Wan, Rory Waudby-Tolley
Copyediting: Carrie Hardy
Marketing: Nicole Jackson
Commercial Project Manager: Claudia Danci
Sponsorship: David Bagshaw, Marlene Stewart

We gratefully acknowledge scientific advice from:

Alan Barrett, Sealy Institute for Vaccine Sciences, USA

Nina Bhardwaj, Tisch Cancer Institute, USA

Jose Esparza, Institute of Human Virology, USA

Ian Frazer, The University of Queensland, Australia

Stefan H. E. Kaufmann, Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Germany

Ed Lavelle, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Heidi Larson, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK

Ofer Levy, Harvard Medical School, USA

Nathalie Mielcarek, Institut Pasteur de Lille, France

Stanley Plotkin, Professor Emeritus, University of Pennsylvania, USA

Bali Pulendran, Stanford University, USA

Rino Rappuoli, GSK Vaccines, Italy

Robert Seder, Vaccine Research Center, USA

Christine Stabell-Benn, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

Richard Titball, University of Exeter, UK

Catherine Wu, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, USA