Nature | Article
The microbial communities that inhabit our gastrointestinal tract, termed the gut microbiota, are well known to play a fundamental role in many host processes, and our understanding of these complex communities continues to advance at a rapid pace. Research has characterized the gut microbiota in health and disease at increasing resolution, aided by the continuous development of tools and approaches. Greater mechanistic understanding of how our microbial partners, including the non-bacterial members, contribute to or protect against disease is a major focus of recent initiatives with the ultimate goal of translating these findings into clinical applications.
This collection brings together Research, Reviews and Comment published in several Nature journals covering key topics on the gut microbiota. The selected content has been published over the past year in Nature, Nature Microbiology, Nature Medicine, Nature Genetics, Nature Communications, Nature Reviews Microbiology, Nature Reviews Genetics and Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology, some of which have been made freely available for 6 months, thanks to support from Yakult Honsha Co., Ltd.