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Primates are one of the most diverse mammal groups, but around 60% of nonhuman primate species are now threatened with extinction, including all great apes. Primatology, the study of nonhuman primates, not only offers unique insights into human evolution, ecology and behaviour, but also allows researchers from a range of disciplines to come together to conserve these charismatic species. This collection looks at the latest research across fields such as biology, veterinary medicine, psychology, anthropology and archaeology, focusing particularly on ecology and the conservation effort to protect nonhuman primates around the world.