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Aquifers and groundwater resources are one of the main sources of available water, used not only for human and animal consumption, but are also essential for agriculture and several industries. Due to climate change and intensive extraction that often surpasses the restoration rate, the water levels in these reservoirs are decreasing, often to a critical point. In addition, anthropogenic activities like intensive agriculture and mining often lead to groundwater contamination, thus further reducing the amount of available clean water and creating additional pressure on these unique ecosystems.
This Collection aims to highlight the current need to sustainably manage groundwater resources, and invites studies on groundwater ecology, water quality and remediation, and its impact on populations.