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Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a vital building block in any climate mitigation strategy and International Energy Agency (IEA) and the UK’s Committee on Climate Change (CCC) agree that the targets for greenhouse gas emissions, set out in the Paris Agreement, cannot be met without CCS. CCS can be used to decarbonise current and future industries, like steel, cement, and refining chemicals. Research is ongoing in all elements of CCS, including materials and chemical processes for CO2 removal, how to integrate new technologies into industry and the potential for long-term storage of carbon in geological reservoirs. This Collection brings together the latest research in carbon capture and storage.