Applied and Industrial Microbiology

Fermentation processes used in the ancient world to make wine and bread demonstrate how applied microbiology is intertwined with human history. In the modern era, the potential applications for microorganisms and their products are vast and include the generation of high-value products such as drugs, chemicals, fuels and even electricity. Furthermore, recent advances in systems biology and synthetic biology now make it possible to engineer desirable characteristics in a microorganism, allowing them to be tailored to a specific task. In this series of articles, Nature Reviews Microbiology explores the latest developments in the field of applied and industrial microbiology.