Carbon MEMS in Microsystems & Nanoengineering

This special issue on carbon micro and nano fabrication is a testament to the field having reached a level of maturity that sets it apart not only from Si microfabrication but also from efforts in CNT, graphene and fullerenes. By judicious choice of polymer precursors and pyrolysis steps, predetermined shapes and controlled microstructure of the resulting carbon devices are now possible. This field represents a holistic approach to carbon micro- and nanofabrication that, depending on the application at hand, yields the desired carbon shape and microstructure and thus the desired functionality in terms of chemical, electrical, thermal or mechanical properties. (Written by Marc Madou)

Sam Kassegne
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering
San Diego State University

Sam Kassegne holds a Ph.D. degree in engineering mechanics from Virginia Tech. His research interests are in the general areas of NeuroMEMS, sensors, and bionanoelectronics. His experimental research work is focused primarily in Carbon-MEMS, new bionanoelectronics platforms, and NeuroMEMS where his group is developing several innovative neural interfaces for intracortical, epicortical, and spinal cord signal recording and stimulation as part of bi-directional closed-loop brain-computer interface (BBCI) system.

Stephan Sylvest Keller                                                                                                       
Associate Professor, National Centre for Nano Fabrication and Characterization                                         
Technical University of Denmark                                                                                                    

Stephen Sylvest Keller received his M.Sc. Degree in microengineering from Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) in 2005 and his Ph.D. in microtechnology from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) in 2008. His early research efforts focused on micromechanical sensing and oral drug delivery. Since 2015 he is head of the Biomaterial Microsystems group at DTU Nanolab. The research focuses on the development of strategies for fabrication of 3D micro- and nanostructures in carbon and polymers and their application for smart cell scaffolds, biosensors, drug delivery devices and microbial fuel cells.

Chandra Shekhar Sharma                                                                                                                           
Associate Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering,                                                                             
Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad                                                                            

Chandra Shekhar Sharma received his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur in 2011. He is a Founding Director of a start-up company, Restyro Technologies Pvt. Ltd. working in the field of polystyrene plastic waste recycling. His group focuses on the research in the area of polymer and carbon nanomaterials for energy storage devices such as Li-ion, Li-Sulfur batteries and supercapacitors, nanofibers based controlled drug delivery, biosensors, feminine hygiene products and nature inspired functional surfaces.

Marc Madou                                                                                                                                               
Chancellor's Professor, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering and Biomedical Engineering                       
University of California, Irvine                                                                                                  

Dr. Madou was Vice President of Advanced Technology at Nanogen in San Diego before joining UCI. He was the founder of the SRI International's Microsensor Department, founder and President of Teknekron Sensor Development Corporation (TSDC), Visiting Miller Professor at UC Berkeley and Endowed Chair at the Ohio State University (Professor in Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering). He is the author of book “Fundamentals of Microfabrication,” an introduction to MEMS and NEMS, which has become known as the “bible” of micromachining.

Dr. Madou has an h-index of 75 (as of November 6, 2019) and he is considered the pioneer of two research fields that are now being pursued worldwide i.e. Carbon Micro- and Nanofabrication (C-MEMS and C-NEMS) and Compact Disc Fluidics (CD-Fluidics) for Molecular Diagnostics. These two technologies have resulted in at least 10 start-up companies worldwide. From those founded by Dr. Madou, Enevate, a lithium ion battery company in Irvine, CA) is the largest and best known.