Focus |

10th Anniversary Focus

Nature Geoscience launched a decade ago, in January 2008. We are celebrating our 10th anniversary with this web focus, where we collect a series of articles that reflect on progress in a few selected areas of the Earth and planetary sciences and on changes in the field and its relationship to society.

Anniversary focus

  • Nature Geoscience | Editorial

    Great Earth science has been published over the ten years since the launch of Nature Geoscience. The field has also become more interdisciplinary and accountable, as well as more central to society and sustainability.

  • Nature Geoscience | News & Views

    Tectonic controls on atmospheric oxygenation are frequently invoked — but whether geochemical records support these ties is an unsettled question.

    • Noah Planavsky
  • Nature Geoscience | News & Views

    The slowdown in surface warming in the early twenty-first century has been traced to strengthening of the Pacific trade winds. The search for the causes identifies a planetary-scale see-saw of atmosphere and ocean between the Atlantic and Pacific basins.

    • Yu Kosaka
  • Nature Geoscience | News & Views

    The elemental ratios of marine phytoplankton and organic matter vary widely across ocean biomes, according to a catalogue of biogeochemical data, suggesting that climate change may have complex effects on the ocean’s elemental cycles.

    • Tim DeVries
  • Nature Geoscience | News & Views

    The composition of the oceans is altered by hydrothermal circulation. These chemical factories sustain microbial life, which in turn alters the chemistry of the fluids that enter the ocean. A decade of research details this complex interchange.

    • Susan Q. Lang
  • Nature Geoscience | News & Views

    A compilation of hundreds of palaeoclimate records highlighted the extent of regional variability during the past 2,000 years, and therein the uniqueness of recent warming.

    • Helen McGregor

Background reading

  • Nature Geoscience | Article

    Atmospheric oxygen levels on Earth rose in at least six distinct steps and an examination of the timing of the steps suggests that they coincided with the formation of supercontinents and supermountains. This leads to the hypothesis that increased erosion of these supermountains released large amounts of nutrients to the oceans, stimulating productivity and the release of oxygen to the atmosphere. The subsequent burial of organic carbon along with the mountain sediments would have sustained the increased oxygen levels.

    • Ian H. Campbell
    •  &  Charlotte M. Allen
  • Nature Climate Change | Letter

    The Pacific trade winds have strengthened since the late 1990s, and there has been related strengthening of the atmospheric Walker circulation. Although the impacts of these changes are becoming known, their cause has not been identified. This study, using observations and models, shows that warming of the Atlantic sea surface and corresponding displacement of atmospheric pressure centres are key drivers.

    • Shayne McGregor
    • , Axel Timmermann
    • , Malte F. Stuecker
    • , Matthew H. England
    • , Mark Merrifield
    • , Fei-Fei Jin
    •  &  Yoshimitsu Chikamoto
  • Nature Geoscience | Letter

    The elemental composition of marine organic matter is used to infer a variety of oceanic ecosystem processes. A compilation of observational data suggests that elemental ratios differ substantially from the Redfield ratio, but exhibit a clear latitudinal trend.

    • Adam C. Martiny
    • , Chau T. A. Pham
    • , Francois W. Primeau
    • , Jasper A. Vrugt
    • , J. Keith Moore
    • , Simon A. Levin
    •  &  Michael W. Lomas
  • Nature Geoscience | Letter

    Mineral dust and marine sediment resuspension are generally considered the primary sources of the nutrient iron to the oceans. Numerical model results suggest that iron released by hydrothermal activity is also an important source of dissolved iron, particularly in the Southern Ocean.

    • Alessandro Tagliabue
    • , Laurent Bopp
    • , Jean-Claude Dutay
    • , Andrew R. Bowie
    • , Fanny Chever
    • , Philippe Jean-Baptiste
    • , Eva Bucciarelli
    • , Delphine Lannuzel
    • , Tomas Remenyi
    • , Géraldine Sarthou
    • , Olivier Aumont
    • , Marion Gehlen
    •  &  Catherine Jeandel
  • Nature Geoscience | Article

    Hydrothermal vents along mid-ocean ridge systems host highly productive communities of microbes. Measurements along the Juan de Fuca ridge suggest that subsurface microbes consume hydrogen in low-temperature hydrothermal fluids, before discharge of these fluids at the sea floor.

    • Scott D. Wankel
    • , Leonid N. Germanovich
    • , Marvin D. Lilley
    • , Gence Genc
    • , Christopher J. DiPerna
    • , Alexander S. Bradley
    • , Eric J. Olson
    •  &  Peter R. Girguis
  • Nature Geoscience | Progress Article

    Temperature change over the past 2,000 years has shown pronounced regional variability. An assessment of all available continental temperature reconstructions shows a clear twentieth century warming trend, but no evidence of a coherent Little Ice Age or Medieval Warm Period.

    • PAGES 2k Consortium
    • , Moinuddin Ahmed
    • , Kevin J. Anchukaitis
    • , Asfawossen Asrat
    • , Hemant P. Borgaonkar
    • , Martina Braida
    • , Brendan M. Buckley
    • , Ulf Büntgen
    • , Brian M. Chase
    • , Duncan A. Christie
    • , Edward R. Cook
    • , Mark A. J. Curran
    • , Henry F. Diaz
    • , Jan Esper
    • , Ze-Xin Fan
    • , Narayan P. Gaire
    • , Quansheng Ge
    • , Joëlle Gergis
    • , J Fidel González-Rouco
    • , Hugues Goosse
    • , Stefan W. Grab
    • , Nicholas Graham
    • , Rochelle Graham
    • , Martin Grosjean
    • , Sami T. Hanhijärvi
    • , Darrell S. Kaufman
    • , Thorsten Kiefer
    • , Katsuhiko Kimura
    • , Atte A. Korhola
    • , Paul J. Krusic
    • , Antonio Lara
    • , Anne-Marie Lézine
    • , Fredrik C. Ljungqvist
    • , Andrew M. Lorrey
    • , Jürg Luterbacher
    • , Valérie Masson-Delmotte
    • , Danny McCarroll
    • , Joseph R. McConnell
    • , Nicholas P. McKay
    • , Mariano S. Morales
    • , Andrew D. Moy
    • , Robert Mulvaney
    • , Ignacio A. Mundo
    • , Takeshi Nakatsuka
    • , David J. Nash
    • , Raphael Neukom
    • , Sharon E. Nicholson
    • , Hans Oerter
    • , Jonathan G. Palmer
    • , Steven J. Phipps
    • , Maria R. Prieto
    • , Andres Rivera
    • , Masaki Sano
    • , Mirko Severi
    • , Timothy M. Shanahan
    • , Xuemei Shao
    • , Feng Shi
    • , Michael Sigl
    • , Jason E. Smerdon
    • , Olga N. Solomina
    • , Eric J. Steig
    • , Barbara Stenni
    • , Meloth Thamban
    • , Valerie Trouet
    • , Chris S.M. Turney
    • , Mohammed Umer
    • , Tas van Ommen
    • , Dirk Verschuren
    • , Andre E. Viau
    • , Ricardo Villalba
    • , Bo M. Vinther
    • , Lucien von Gunten
    • , Sebastian Wagner
    • , Eugene R. Wahl
    • , Heinz Wanner
    • , Johannes P. Werner
    • , James W.C. White
    • , Koh Yasue
    •  &  Eduardo Zorita