Dwarf galaxies

Dwarf galaxies — galaxies of mass less than a billion solar masses — have emerged as laboratories for addressing open questions in astrophysics that include the formation of the first stars and the chemical enrichment of the Universe, the growth of galaxies and the black holes within them and the properties of dark matter. This Living Collection starts with an introductory Comment and continues with a series of articles on the science of dwarf galaxies, their properties and their theoretical modelling and simulations. In the “Further Reading” section, you will find additional pieces of commissioned content and primary research we have published in the past on this topic. Happy reading!

Dwarf galaxies

Dark matter and ΛCDM

Galaxy formation and evolution

Further reading