Nature Outlook |

Reproductive health

The freedom for people to have babies when they want, and not have them when they don’t want to, provides a sturdy foundation for families, and indeed societies, to thrive.

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Features and comment

Advances in contraception further the sustainable-development goal of family planning.

Outlook | | Nature

Innovative forms of contraception could offer more choice for controlling fertility.

Outlook | | Nature

The development of male contraceptives has slowed in the past decade, but some preliminary studies are showing promise.

Outlook | | Nature

Access to fertility treatments is limited by the cost in both high- and low-income countries. But new technologies and attitudes aim to fix that.

Outlook | | Nature

More from Nature Research

The Guttmacher–Lancet Commission’s report on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All coincides with raised awareness of this topic as a result of global movements such as #metoo. However, weak political leadership, increasing fragmentation of services, and sustained underfunding pose a threat to sexual and reproductive health globally.

News & Views | | Nature Reviews Urology

The effect of vitamin C deprivation on mouse germline development is analysed, revealing that maternal vitamin C is required for proper DNA demethylation and the development of fetal oocytes, whereas the lack of vitamin C during pregnancy leads to reduced female fecundity in the offspring.

Letter | | Nature

Hormonal contraception may alter women’s susceptibility to HIV. Here, the authors report the results of a randomized clinical trial substudy assessing the effects of injectable Net-En, oral contraceptives (COC) and Nuvaring on vaginal microbiota and cytokines, associating COC with lower microbial diversity and Nuvaring with increased inflammation.

Article | Open Access | | Nature Communications

Subfertility affects one in six couples worldwide and is associated with emotional distress and reduced quality of life. This Primer by Farquhar and colleagues discusses the causes, diagnosis and treatment of female subfertility.

Primer | | Nature Reviews Disease Primers