Nuclear Fusion

Harnessing the energy produced in nuclear fusion reactions is an ongoing grand challenge. This Insight focuses on the achievements made so far and the trials ahead, highlighting that at the core of nuclear fusion lies some fascinating physics.


  • Nature Physics | Editorial

    • Bart Verberck
    •  &  Andrea Taroni

Reviews & Commentary

  • Nature Physics | Review

    One way of realizing controlled nuclear fusion reactions for the production of energy involves confining a hot plasma in a magnetic field. Here, the physics of magnetic-confinement fusion is reviewed, focusing on the tokamak and stellarator concepts.

    • J. Ongena
    • , R. Koch
    • , R. Wolf
    •  &  H. Zohm
  • Nature Physics | Review

    Simulating magnetically confined fusion plasmas is crucial to understand and control them. Here, the state of the art and the multi-physics involved are discussed: electromagnetism and hydrodynamics combined over vast spatiotemporal ranges.

    • A. Fasoli
    • , S. Brunner
    • , W. A. Cooper
    • , J. P. Graves
    • , P. Ricci
    • , O. Sauter
    •  &  L. Villard
  • Nature Physics | Review

    For achieving proper safety and efficiency of future fusion power plants, low-activation materials able to withstand the extreme fusion conditions are needed. Here, the irradiation physics at play and fusion materials research is reviewed.

    • J. Knaster
    • , A. Moeslang
    •  &  T. Muroga
  • Nature Physics | Review

    The quest for energy production from controlled nuclear fusion reactions has been ongoing for many decades. Here, the inertial confinement fusion approach, based on heating and compressing a fuel pellet with intense lasers, is reviewed.

    • R. Betti
    •  &  O. A. Hurricane