Table 6 Comparison of Palaeolithic cannibalism episodes versus faunal remains in regards to calorie content and potential number of days of food provision.

From: Assessing the calorific significance of episodes of human cannibalism in the Palaeolithic

  Skeletal muscle calorie value Number of days a group of 25 modern human adult males could survive (2,400 calories per person per day) Number of days a group of 25 adult Neanderthal males could survive (4,070 calories per person per day*) Number of days a group of Pleistocene anatomically modern humans could survive (3,788.5 calories per person per day*)
Site Gran Dolina (TD6 - Aurora Stratum) 87032 1.45 0.86 0.92
Caune de l’Argo 590704 9.85 5.81 6.24
Moula-Guercy 115435 1.92 1.13 1.22
El Sidrón 193324 3.22 1.90 2.04
Padrelles 122468 2.04 1.20 1.29
Cueva del Boquete de Zafarraya 227953 3.80 2.24 2.41
Troisième caverne of Goyet 130164 2.17 1.28 1.37
Maszycka Cave 199419 3.32 1.96 2.11
Gough’s Cave 114773 1.91 1.13 1.21
Fauna/Hominin Hominin (Homo sapiens) 32376 0.54 0.32 0.34
Mammoth (Mammuthus) 3600000 60.00 35.38 38.01
Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta/Stephanorhinus/Rhinoceros) 1260000 21.00 12.38 13.30
Aurochs (Bos) 979200 16.32 9.62 10.34
Steppe Bison (Bison) 612000 10.20 6.01 6.46
Cattle sp. (Bos) 367200 6.12 3.61 3.88
Bear (Ursus) 600000 10.00 5.90 6.33
Horse sp. (Equus) 200100 3.34 1.97 2.11
Giant deer (Megaloceros/Eucladoceros) 163680 2.73 1.61 1.73
Red deer (Cervus) 163680 2.73 1.61 1.73
Musk-ox (Ovibos) 140400 2.34 1.38 1.48
Deer sp. (Cervus/Dama) 119040 1.98 1.17 1.26
Boar (Sus) 324000 5.40 3.18 3.42
Reindeer (Rangifer) 60000 1.00 0.59 0.63
Ibex (Capra) 45,780 0.76 0.45 0.48
Rupicapra (Rupicapra) 37620 0.63 0.37 0.40
Saiga (Saiga) 31500 0.53 0.31 0.33
Roe deer (Capreolus) 13200 0.22 0.13 0.14
Beaver (Castor) 48000 0.80 0.47 0.51
Hare sp. (Lepus) 3852 0.06 0.04 0.04
Steppe marmot (Marmota) 1800 0.03 0.02 0.02
Fish 1300 0.02 0.01 0.01
Birds 2500 0.04 0.02 0.03
  1. *Calorie values for Neanderthals and Pleistocene Anatomically Modern Humans were calculated as the combined average of the Daily Energy Expenditure (DEE) values for Cold and Temperate climates given in Froehle and Churchill58 Table 5.