Representative Western blot (upper panel) and quantification of phospho-Akt and total Akt of sham and MoAr rats treated with saline or PcTx1 (lower panel). All phospho bands of p-Akt were normalized relative to total Akt protein and expressed as the ratio between the ipsi- and contralateral side for each group. n = 5 per group. One-way ANOVA followed by a Tuckey post hoc test. *p ≤ 0.05 compared to sham saline group.