Table 5 Associations between air pollutants and respiratory disease mortality among different groups of people using single pollutant models.

From: The short-term effects of air pollutants on respiratory disease mortality in Wuhan, China: comparison of time-series and case-crossover analyses

 MalesFemales<65 years old≥65 years old
Time seriesCase-crossoverTime seriesCase-crossoverTime seriesCase-crossoverTime seriesCase-crossover
RR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)RR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)RR(95%CI)OR (95%CI)RR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)
PM10
Lag01.003 (0.992,1.015)1.009 (0.998,1.020)1.001 (0.986,1.016)1.006 (0.991,1.021)0.998 (0.983,1.014)1.004 (0.981,1.027)0.998 (0.987,1.010)1.008 (0.998,1.018)
Lag11.004 (0.993,1.015)1.010 (0.999,1.021)1.000 (0.985,1.015)1.010 (0.996,1.024)1.001 (0.986,1.016)0.993 (0.972,1.014)1.000 (0.989,1.011)1.012 (1.002,1.022)
Lag21.010 (1.000,1.021)0.975 (0.965,0.985)0.994 (0.979,1.008)1.003 (0.988,1.018)1.001 (0.987,1.016)1.000 (0.981,1.019)1.003 (0.992,1.014)1.010 (1.001,1.019)
Ave.3days1.010 (0.996,1.023)1.017 (1.003,1.031)0.999 (0.981,1.017)1.004 (0.985,1.023)0.998 (0.980,1.015)0.992 (0.965,1.019)1.005 (0.992,1.019)1.019 (1.006,1.032)
SO2
Lag01.011 (0.989,1.003)1.020a (0.998,1.042)1.021 (0.994,1.049)1.017 (0.988,1.046)1.016 (0.992,1.040)1.026 (0.982,1.070)1.005 (0.980,1.031)1.014 (0.995,1.033)
Lag11.022a (1.002,1.044)1.034a (1.013,1.055)1.014 (0.987,1.041)1.008 (0.981,1.035)1.013 (0.991,1.037)0.988 (0.948,1.028)1.015 (0.991,1.040)1.023a (1.005,1.041)
Lag21.026a (1.005,1.046)1.028 (1.008,1.048)0.998 (0.972,1.025)0.997 (0.971,1.023)1.003 (0.980,1.026)0.991 (0.953,1.029)1.016 (0.993,1.040)1.018 (1.001,1.035)
Ave.3days1.027a (1.001,1.054)1.043a (1.015,1.071)1.007(0.974,1.041)1.014 (0.978,1.050)1.001 (0.973,1.029)0.994 (0.968,1.020)1.021 (0.990,1.053)1.033 (1.008,1.058)
NO2
Lag01.015 (0.983,1.048)1.024 (1.002,1.046)0.998 (0.958,1.040)0.997 (0.957,1.037)0.994 (0.956,1.033)1.017 (0.957,1.077)1.017 (0.984,1.052)1.015 (0.989,1.041)
Lag11.023 (0.991,1.055)1.037 (1.016,1.058)0.994 (0.953,1.036)1.000 (0.961,1.039)0.998 (0.960,1.037)0.974 (0.917,1.031)1.018 (0.985,1.053)1.031 (1.005,1.057)
Lag21.038a(1.007,1.070)1.047a (1.027,1.067)0.989 (0.950,1.030)0.996 (0.958,1.034)1.002 (0.965,1.040)0.996 (0.940,1.052)1.020 (0.988,1.054)1.028a (1.002,1.054)
Ave.3days1.033 (0.995,1.073)1.055 (1.027,1.083)0.977 (0.929,1.027)0.997 (0.946,1.048)0.986 (0.943,1.031)0.983 (0.911,1.055)1.014 (0.973,1.058)1.033 (0.999,1.067)
  1. a: The RRs or ORs are statistically significant (P-value <0.05).