Table 2: Lateral detachment forces of chondrocytes seeded for different times measured using AFM.

From: Investigation of Cell-Substrate Adhesion Properties of Living Chondrocyte by Measuring Adhesive Shear Force and Detachment Using AFM and Inverse FEA

Seeding time (hour)Lateral detachment force (nN)Cell mechanical adhesiveness (Pa)
374.14 ± 13.81* (n = 34)139.97 ± 26.08*
6171.02 ± 34.24 (n = 33)203.10 ± 40.66
24185.48 ± 39.50 (n = 29)200.65 ± 42.73
  1. *p < 0.05 indicated that the significant difference of lateral detachment force and adhesiveness compared to 6 hours seeding time. n is the number of cells tested.