Table 1 Systemic insulin resistance, leptin and inflammatory markers following SF and recovery.

From: Chronic Sleep Disruption Alters Gut Microbiota, Induces Systemic and Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in Mice

  SF 4w (n = 12) SF 2R (n = 12) CTL (n = 12)
HOMA-IR 8.7 ± 2.4§ 3.9 ± 0.9 3.6 ± 0.6
Leptin (ng/ml) 0.89 ± 0.42§ 0.73 ± 0.32 0.78 ± 0.28
NGAL (ng/ml) 146.3 ± 39.4§ 68.9 ± 11.4 59.4 ± 9.6
LBP (ng/ml) 58.9 ± 14.2§ 23.6 ± 6.8 21.4 ± 6.5
IL-6 (pg/ml) 9.2 ± 3.4§ 7.5 ± 2.9¥ 3.6 ± 0.8
  1. §SF 4w vs. SF 2R or CTL – p < 0.01; ¥SF 2R vs. CTL – p < 0.05.