Figure 1 | Scientific Reports

Figure 1

From: Early Miocene amber inclusions from Mexico reveal antiquity of mangrove-associated copepods

Figure 1

Localities of all confirmed (indicated by *) and unconfirmed records of (sub)fossil Copepoda.

(1) Oman, Al Khlata Formation, Late Carboniferous (c. 303 Ma), harpacticoids3; (2) United Kingdom, Kent, Holocene (Neolithic), harpacticoids50; (3) USA, California, Early-Middle Miocene (13.4–19.3 Ma), harpacticoids and cyclopoids4,5,6,62,63; (4) Argentina, Pleistocene, harpacticoids5; (5) Canada, Saskatchewan and Alberta, Middle-Late Cambrian (488–510 Ma)9; (6) USA, Tennessee, Middle-Late Cambrian (495–500 Ma)10; (7) Sweden, Öland, Early Ordovician (477–485 Ma)11; (8) Canada, Manitoba, Late Cretaceous (60–80 Ma)36; (9) Spain, Álava, Early Cretaceous (100–120 Ma)34; (10) Mexico, Chiapas, Early Miocene (22.8 Ma), harpacticoids (this study); (11) Brazil, Ceará, Early Cretaceous (110–120 Ma) siphonostomatoids7,8; (12) Estonia, Latvia and European Russia, Middle–Late Devonian (358.9–387.7 Ma)13; (13) Germany, Early Jurassic (190.8–199.3 Ma), crinoid cysts; (14) Germany, Late Jurassic (152.1–157.3 Ma), echinoid cysts; (15) Poland, Middle (163.5–166.1 Ma) and Late Jurassic (152.1–163.5 Ma), echinoid cysts12; (16) France, Middle Jurassic (163.5–168.3 Ma), echinoid cysts12; (17) France, Late Jurassic (157.3–163.5 Ma), crinoid and echinoid cysts; (18) Switzerland, Late Jurassic (157.3–163.5 Ma), echinoid cysts; (19) Israel, Middle Jurassic (163.5–166.1 Ma), echinoid cysts; (20) Dagestan, Turkmenistan and northern Caucasus, Middle Jurassic (163.5–166.1 Ma), echinoid cysts; (21) Germany, Holocene (Subboreal, 2.5–5 ka), spermatophores22,23; (22) Denmark and West Greenland, Quaternary (late glacial (10–12 ka) and postglacial (0.5–5 ka), respectively), egg sacs19; (23) northwestern Atlantic, Middle Miocene–Early Pleistocene (c. 0.78–15.97 Ma), eggs16; (24) Mexico, Gulf of California, Holocene, eggs17; (25) Brazil, Campos and Santos Basins, Early Cretaceous (100.5–113.0 Ma), eggs24,25,26; (26) Australia, New South Wales, Holocene (5.63 ka), eggs15,18; (27) Banda Sea, Late Pleistocene–Holocene, egg envelopes20,21. See ref. 14 for references dealing with echinoderms inferred to be infested by copepods resulting in cysts or swellings (13–20). Image created in ArcGIS version ( using Light_Grey_Canvas basemap (which is Copyright: © 2015 Esri, Inc.; and Adobe Illustrator CS6, version 16.0.0 (32-bit) (

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