Characterisation of mesothelioma-derived exosomes reveals an exosomal-specific signature (mEXOS).
(a) Principal component analysis (PCA). Each symbol represents a biological replicate, and the colour represents the group (model). (b) A four-way Venn diagram of proteins distributed between each MM-derived exosome type is shown, revealing 631 proteins common to each dataset. (c) To determine the classification of proteins in mEXOS we applied a stringent filtering criteria. The total MM-derived exosomal proteins (2,178) were compared with the Vesiclepedia database (comprising 16,085 human entries) and literature searching, of which 506 were unique to this study and not previously reported in the context of extracellular vesicles. Among the 1,672 co-identified proteins, 42 were non-cancer proteins reported in Vesiclepedia. with a further 22 proteins reported shared with mesothelioma and other cancers in Vesiclepedia. Therefore, to determine the unique MM exosome protein signature (mEXOS), we summated the 506, 42, and 22 proteins from these categories to reveal 570 proteins as select exosomal and MM-derived components (Table S3). (d) KEGG pathway analysis of mEXOS, with p-values indicated. (e) Correlation matrix of mEXOS, representing differential abundance based on normalised spectral count (SpC) values between each of the MM models investigated, showing that each individual sample represents clear distribution and similarity with other MM models.