Table 1 Summary of demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population.

From: Serum Concentrations of Ubiquitin C-Terminal Hydrolase-L1 and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein after Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

  TBI – All (n = 45) GCS 3–8 (n = 19) GCS 9–12 (n = 6) GCS 13–15 (n = 20)
Age, years, (mean ± SD) 3.8 ± 3.7 2.8 ± 3.7 6.2 ± 4.5 4.1 ± 3.7
Gender, (M/F), n (%) 28/17 (62/28) 9/10 (47/52) 5/1 (83/17) 14/6 (70/30)
Race, n (%)
 White 31 (69) 14 (74) 4 (67) 13 (65)
 Non-White 14 (31) 5 (26) 2 (33) 7 (35)
Lesion Types on Head CT, n (%) a
 Epidural hemorrhage 4 (0.8) 2 (11) 1 (17) 1 (5)
 Subdural hemorrhage 17 (38) 10 (53) 1 (17) 6 (30)
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage 5 (11) 2 (11) 3 (15)
 Intracerebral hemorrhage 5 (11) 5 (26)
 Intraventricular hemorrhage 4 (9) 4 (21)
 Contusion 1 (2) 1 (5)
 Edema 8 (18) 6 (32) 2 (10)
 Skull Fracture 19 (42) 6 (32) 5 (83) 8 (40)
GOS 6 months, n (%) b
 Unfavorable (GOS 1–3) 11 (27.5) 11 (65)
 Favorable (GOS 4–5) 29 (72.5) 6 (35) 4 (100) 19 (100)
  1. GCS = Glasgow Coma Scale score; GOS = Glasgow Outcome Scale.
  2. aSome patients had a combination of lesions.
  3. bMissing outcome in 5 patients.