Table 3: Mean consumption of select foods, alcohol and tobacco stratified by TAS2R38 diplotype.

From: Genetic Variation in the TAS2R38 Bitter Taste Receptor and Gastric Cancer Risk in Koreans

 PAV/PAVPAV/AVIAVI/AVIp1p2
N = 530 (128, 402)*N = 736 (232, 504)N = 256 (61, 195)
Energy (kcal/day)1845.1 ± 649.31867.1 ± 630.61812.5 ± 640.30.2800.223
Fibre (g/day)20.6 ± 6.420.5 ± 6.920.1 ± 6.40.6770.435
Vegetables (g/day)387.9 ± 186.6382.8 ± 198.1371.1 ± 197.70.3630.187
 Cruciferous186.5 ± 116.3184.6 ± 120.2172.0 ± 115.90.1980.124
 Dark green42.6 ± 36.341.3 ± 41.938.2 ± 30.90.4580.245
 Non-starchy342.3 ± 171.6336.1 ± 182.0322.4 ± 178.90.2080.099
Fruits (g/day)184.0 ± 203.7180.2 ± 199.9183.6 ± 203.50.3500.197
 Citrus43.9 ± 63.237.2 ± 52.135.0 ± 45.80.2430.266
Sweets (g/day)29.0 ± 48.831.4 ± 76.628.7 ± 45.20.7710.879
Fat-food (g/day)4.6 ± 4.84.5 ± 4.55.1 ± 5.70.4020.644
Alcohol (g/day)§15.9 ± 21.919.4 ± 28.625.4 ± 47.20.1380.336
Tobacco (cigarettes/day)§16.0 ± 8.816.3 ± 8.517.0 ± 9.70.6110.513
  1. Dietary variables are presented as the energy-adjusted mean ± standard deviation. Subjects with AVI/AAV diplotype were excluded from the analyses because of limited numbers (n = 2).
  2. *Number of subjects (case, control).
  3. †,‡Mean intake of subjects with each diplotype was compared without adjustments (p1) or after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, smoking and drinking status, regular exercise and Helicobacter pylori infection (p2) at the 95% confidence level.
  4. §Mean alcohol and tobacco consumption was computed from group of subjects only ex- and current drinkers and smokers.