Table 3 Effects of BPA on the contents of saturated fatty acids (SFA), containing myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0) and arachidic acid (20:0), the contents of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), containing palmitoleic acid (16:1), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) and the index of unsaturated fatty acids (IUFA) in the membrane lipid of soybean roots at the seed-filling stage following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.

From: Analysis of effects of a new environmental pollutant, bisphenol A, on antioxidant systems in soybean roots at different growth stages

BPA (mg·L−1) Composition of fatty acids SFA UFA IUFA
14:00 16:00 16:01 18:00 18:01 18:02 18:03 20:00
After BPA exposure
 0.0 1.64 ± 0.03c (100.00) 31.58 ± 0.51b (100.00) 2.28 ± 0.04d (100.00) 9.84 ± 0.16c (100.00) 6.91 ± 0.11c (100.00) 25.05 ± 0.41a (100.00) 19.26 ± 0.31a (100.00) 3.44 ± 0.06a (100.00) 46.50 ± 0.75a (100.00) 53.50 ± 0.87a (100.00) 117.08 ± 1.90a (100.00)
 1.5 2.20 ± 0.08b (134.15) 34.81 ± 1.21a (110.23) 3.73 ± 0.13c (163.60) 11.96 ± 0.42a (121.54) 4.35 ± 0.15d (62.95) 22.37 ± 0.77b (89.30) 18.24 ± 0.63a (94.70) 2.34 ± 0.08c (68.02) 47.31 ± 1.64a (101.74) 52.69 ± 1.82a (98.49) 107.54 ± 3.72a (91.85)
 6.0 2.95 ± 0.07a (179.88) 32.12 ± 0.74ab (101.71) 5.64 ± 0.12b (247.37) 10.41 ± 0.24bc (105.79) 12.48 ± 0.29a (180.61) 22.34 ± 0.51b (89.18) 11.11 ± 0.25b (57.68) 2.95 ± 0.07b (85.76) 48.43 ± 1.12a (104.15) 51.57 ± 1.19a (96.39) 96.13 ± 2.22b (82.11)
 12.0 3.10 ± 0.09a (189.02) 33.49 ± 0.96ab (106.05) 4.21 ± 0.13a (184.65) 11.12 ± 0.32ab (113.01) 11.01 ± 0.32b (159.33) 22.35 ± 0.65b (89.22) 11.26 ± 0.32b (58.46) 3.45 ± 0.10a (100.29) 48.72 ± 1.48a (104.77) 48.83 ± 1.41a (91.27) 93.70 ± 2.70b (80.03)
After withdrawal of BPA exposure
 0.0 1.13 ± 0.03bc (100.00) 30.97 ± 0.89a (100.00) 1.43 ± 0.04c (100.00) 9.89 ± 0.28b (100.00) 4.28 ± 0.12a (100.00) 27.03 ± 0.78a (100.00) 22.75 ± 0.66a (100.00) 2.51 ± 0.08c (100.00) 44.51 ± 0.89a (100.00) 55.49 ± 1.60a (100.00) 128.02 ± 3.70a (100.00)
 1.5 1.46 ± 0.02a (129.20) 29.62 ± 0.51a (95.64) 1.64 ± 0.03b (114.69) 9.16 ± 0.16c (92.62) 8.40 ± 0.14a (196.26) 25.28 ± 0.44b (93.53) 22.27 ± 0.39a (97.89) 2.17 ± 0.04d (86.45) 42.41 ± 0.85b (95.28) 57.59 ± 1.00a (103.78) 127.41 ± 2.21a (99.52)
 6.0 1.11 ± 0.02c (98.23) 31.39 ± 0.73a (101.36) 1.51 ± 0.03bc (105.59) 11.45 ± 0.27a (115.77) 4.86 ± 0.11b (113.55) 24.13 ± 0.56b (89.27) 22.75 ± 0.53a (100.00) 2.81 ± 0.06b (111.95) 46.75 ± 0.94a (105.03) 53.25 ± 1.23a (95.96) 122.87 ± 2.83a (95.98)
 12.0 1.21 ± 0.03b (107.08) 29.06 ± 0.84a (93.83) 3.38 ± 0.10a (236.36) 3.38 ± 0.10d (34.18) 3.38 ± 0.10d (78.97) 3.38 ± 0.10c (12.50) 3.38 ± 0.10b (14.86) 3.38 ± 0.10a (134.66) 37.48 ± 0.74c (84.21) 53.52 ± 1.55a (96.45) 123.66 ± 3.57a (96.59)
  1. Values are means ± standard deviation (n = 6). Values in parentheses are the percentage of treatments in control. Significant differences at p < 0.05 are shown with different letters in the same column following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.