Table 2 Effects of BPA on the contents of saturated fatty acids (SFA), containing myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0) and arachidic acid (20:0), the contents of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), containing palmitoleic acid (16:1), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) and the index of unsaturated fatty acids (IUFA) in the membrane lipid of soybean roots at the flowering and podding stage following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.

From: Analysis of effects of a new environmental pollutant, bisphenol A, on antioxidant systems in soybean roots at different growth stages

BPA (mg·L−1) Composition of fatty acids SFA UFA IUFA
14:00 16:00 16:01 18:00 18:01 18:02 18:03 20:00
After BPA exposure
 0.0 0.68 ± 0.01b (100.00) 29.84 ± 0.49b (100.00) 1.07 ± 0.02a (100.00) 12.29 ± 0.20b (100.00) 4.96 ± 0.08a (100.00) 19.11 ± 0.31a (100.00) 29.75 ± 0.49a (100.00) 2.32 ± 0.04ab (100.00) 45.13 ± 0.74b (100.00) 54.87 ± 0.89ab (100.00) 133.47 ± 2.17ab (100.00)
 1.5 0.60 ± 0.02c (88.24) 30.15 ± 1.05b (101.04) 0.92 ± 0.03b (85.98) 11.63 ± 0.40b (94.63) 3.36 ± 1.12b (67.74) 19.54 ± 0.68a (102.25) 31.69 ± 1.10a (106.52) 2.11 ± 0.08b (90.95) 44.49 ± 1.54b (98.58) 55.51 ± 1.92a (101.17) 138.43 ± 4.80a (103.72)
 6.0 0.66 ± 0.02bc (97.06) 34.35 ± 0.79a (115.11) 0.82 ± 0.02c (76.64) 11.81 ± 0.27b (96.09) 3.43 ± 0.08b (69.15) 20.00 ± 0.46a (104.66) 26.47 ± 0.61b (88.97) 2.46 ± 0.06a (106.03) 49.28 ± 1.12a (109.20) 50.72 ± 1.17bc (92.44) 123.66 ± 2.86bc (92.65)
 12.0 0.75 ± 0.02a (110.29) 33.52 ± 0.97a (112.33) 0.66 ± 0.02d (61.68) 14.15 ± 0.41a (115.13) 3.20 ± 0.09b (64.52) 20.50 ± 0.59a (107.27) 24.83 ± 0.72b (83.46) 2.38 ± 0.07a (102.59) 50.80 ± 1.47a (112.56) 49.20 ± 1.42c (89.67) 119.36 ± 3.45c (89.43)
After withdrawal of BPA exposure
 0.0 1.26 ± 0.03b (100.00) 34.61 ± 1.00ab (100.00) 1.48 ± 0.04a (100.00) 11.26 ± 0.32b (100.00) 5.69 ± 0.16b (100.00) 19.15 ± 0.55b (100.00) 23.17 ± 0.67a (100.00) 3.38 ± 0.10a (100.00) 50.51 ± 1.46ab (100.00) 49.49 ± 1.43ab (100.00) 114.98 ± 3.32a (100.00)
 1.5 1.62 ± 0.03a (128.57) 36.61 ± 0.64a (105.78) 1.31 ± 0.02b (88.51) 11.67 ± 0.20b (103.64) 4.22 ± 0.08c (74.17) 19.80 ± 0.34ab (103.39) 22.21 ± 0.39a (95.86) 2.55 ± 0.05b (75.44) 48.46 ± 0.84b (95.94) 51.54 ± 0.89a (104.14) 119.84 ± 2.08a (104.23)
 6.0 1.18 ± 0.03b (93.65) 37.13 ± 0.86a (107.28) 1.49 ± 0.03a (100.68) 12.68 ± 0.29a (112.61) 6.35 ± 0.14a (111.60) 18.51 ± 0.43b (96.66) 20.04 ± 0.46b (86.49) 2.62 ± 0.06b (77.51) 53.61 ± 1.24a (106.14) 46.39 ± 1.07b (93.74) 104.97 ± 2.42b (91.29)
 12.0 0.87 ± 0.02c (69.05) 33.51 ± 0.97a (96.82) 1.01 ± 0.03c (68.24) 11.61 ± 0.33b (103.11) 5.72 ± 0.17b (100.53) 21.32 ± 0.62a (111.33) 23.49 ± 0.68a (101.38) 2.47 ± 0.07b (73.08) 52.44 ± 1.51ab (103.82) 47.56 ± 1.37b (96.10) 111.80 ± 3.23ab (97.23)
  1. Values are means ± standard deviation (n = 6). Values in parentheses are the percentage of treatments in control. Significant differences at p < 0.05 are shown with different letters in the same column following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.