Table 1 Effects of BPA on the contents of saturated fatty acids (SFA), containing myristic acid (14:0), palmitic acid (16:0), stearic acid (18:0) and arachidic acid (20:0), the contents of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), containing palmitoleic acid (16:1), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2) and linolenic acid (18:3) and the index of unsaturated fatty acids (IUFA) in the membrane lipid of soybean roots at the seedling stage following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.

From: Analysis of effects of a new environmental pollutant, bisphenol A, on antioxidant systems in soybean roots at different growth stages

BPA (mg·L−1) Composition of fatty acids SFA UFA IUFA
14:00 16:00 16:01 18:00 18:01 18:02 18:03 20:00
After BPA exposure
 0.0 0.58 ± 0.01c (100.00) 25.79 ± 0.42d (100.00) 0.63 ± 0.01b (100.00) 10.31 ± 0.17d (100.00) 2.71 ± 0.05a (100.00) 24.79 ± 0.40a (100.00) 33.01 ± 0.54a (100.00) 2.19 ± 0.04bc (100.00) 38.86 ± 0.63c (100.00) 61.14 ± 1.00a (100.00) 151.95 ± 2.47a (100.00)
 1.5 0.80 ± 0.03b (137.93) 28.39 ± 0.98c (110.08) 0.62 ± 0.03b (98.41) 18.06 ± 0.62b (175.17) 2.19 ± 0.08b (80.81) 21.12 ± 0.73b (85.20) 26.12 ± 0.91b (79.13) 2.69 ± 0.09a (122.83) 49.95 ± 1.730b (128.54) 50.05 ± 1.73b (81.86) 123.42 ± 4.28b (81.22)
 6.0 0.96 ± 0.02a (165.52) 31.78 ± 0.73b (123.23) 0.82 ± 0.04a (130.16) 15.69 ± 0.36c (152.18) 2.02 ± 0.06b (74.54) 22.26 ± 0.51b (89.79) 24.42 ± 0.57bc (73.98) 2.06 ± 0.05c (94.06) 50.49 ± 1.17b (129.93) 49.51 ± 1.14b (80.98) 120.60 ± 2.78b (79.37)
 12.0 0.90 ± 0.03a (155.17) 35.94 ± 1.04a (139.36) 0.80 ± 0.02a (126.98) 23.33 ± 0.68a (226.29) 2.04 ± 0.05b (75.28) 15.42 ± 0.44c (62.20) 19.29 ± 0.55c (58.44) 2.28 ± 0.06b (104.11) 62.44 ± 1.80a (160.68) 37.56 ± 1.09c (61.43) 119.25 ± 3.44b (78.48)
After withdrawal of BPA exposure
 0.0 0.77 ± 0.02c (100.00) 27.95 ± 0.81c (100.00) 0.71 ± 0.02c (100.00) 10.86 ± 0.31b (100.00) 2.72 ± 0.08c (100.00) 25.18 ± 0.73a (100.00) 29.19 ± 0.84a (100.00) 2.61 ± 0.08b (100.00) 42.19 ± 1.22c (100.00) 57.81 ± 1.67a (100.00) 141.37 ± 4.08a (100.00)
 1.5 0.83 ± 0.01bc (107.79) 31.86 ± 0.55b (113.99) 0.74 ± 0.01c (104.23) 11.48 ± 0.20b (105.71) 2.62 ± 0.05c (96.32) 22.54 ± 0.39b (89.52) 27.32 ± 0.47a (93.59) 2.61 ± 0.05b (100.00) 46.78 ± 0.81b (110.88) 53.22 ± 0.92b (92.06) 130.40 ± 2.26b (92.24)
 6.0 0.91 ± 0.02b (118.18) 38.18 ± 0.88a (136.60) 1.00 ± 0.02b (140.85) 12.94 ± 0.30a (119.15) 3.39 ± 0.08b (124.63) 19.92 ± 0.46c (79.11) 20.01 ± 0.46b (68.55) 3.65 ± 0.10a (139.85) 55.69 ± 1.29a (132.00) 44.31 ± 1.02c (76.65) 104.25 ± 2.41c (73.74)
 12.0 1.48 ± 0.04a (192.21) 37.10 ± 1.07a (132.74) 2.19 ± 0.06a (308.45) 13.62 ± 0.39a (125.41) 4.90 ± 0.14a (180.15) 17.20 ± 0.50d (68.31) 19.99 ± 0.58b (68.48) 3.52 ± 0.09a (134.87) 55.71 ± 1.61a (132.05) 44.29 ± 1.28c (76.61) 101.46 ± 2.93c (71.77)
  1. Values are means ± standard deviation (n = 6). Values in parentheses are the percentage of treatments in control. Significant differences at p < 0.05 are shown with different letters in the same column following BPA exposure and withdrawal of BPA exposure.