Table 1 Slopes of linear relationships of leaf unfolding (LU) to mean temperature (T-60d or T-30d) and precipitation (Pr-60d or Pr-30d) for Androsace tapete, Stipa capillacea and Kobresia pygmae along altitudes during 2007–2013.

From: Leaf unfolding of Tibetan alpine meadows captures the arrival of monsoon rainfall

Species & Altitude Temperature Precipitation
UF F TD TC UF BF TD TC
Androsace tapete
 4400 m −3.7*A     0.26    
 4500 m −3.8*A     0.21    
 4700 m −2.5*A     0.14    
 4800 m −2.7*Aa −2.7*Aa −3.2*Aa −2.9*Aa 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
 4950 m −3.3*Aa −3.2*Aa −2.2*Aa −3.0*Aa 0.17 0.17 0.20 0.19
 5100 m −4.4*Aa −4.2*Aa −5.1*Aa −4.4*Aa 0.24 0.23 0.34 0.33
 5200 m −2.1*Aa −2.2*Aa    0.06 0.05   
Stipa capillacea
 4400 m 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.7 −0.20*Aa −0.20*Aa −0.20*Aa −0.20*Aa
 4500 m 2.5 3.1 3.0 3.1 −0.20*Aa −0.23*Aa −0.23*Aa −0.23*Aa
 4650 m 2.3 2.3    −0.16*Aa −0.16*Aa −0.16*Aa −0.16*Aa
Kobresia pygmaea
 4400 m 5.9*Aa 5.5*Aa 5.5Aa 3.0Aa −0.37*Aa −0.37*Aa −0.37*Aa −0.37*Aa
 4500 m 6.1*Aa 5.4*Aa 3.3 3.8 −0.41*Aa −0.36*Aa −0.31*Aa −0.36*Aa
 4650 m 4.9*Aa 4.3*Aa 3.4Aa 3.6 Aa −0.25*Aa −0.21*Aa −0.21*Aa −0.21*Aa
 4800 m 3.5*Aa 2.9*Aa 2.6Aa 3.0Aa −0.20*Aa −0.19*Aa −0.21*Aa −0.19*Aa
 4950 m 1.4 1.0 2.1 1.6 −0.05 −0.06 −0.12 −0.06
 5100 m 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 −0.04 −0.03 −0.03 −0.03
 5200 m −3.1*Ba −1.5*Ba    −0.01 −0.02   
  1. The asterisks (*) are for significant linear relationships between LU and climatic factors at P < 0.05. The slope differences were tested by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Different letters within a column and a row show significant differences in the slopes between altitudes (capital) and between treatments (lowercase) of unfenced (UF), fenced (F), transplanted downwards (TD) and transplanted control (TC) at P < 0.05, respectively.