Table 1 The shared eastern Eurasian haplotypes between Ashkenazi Jews and Chinese

From: A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews via the ancient Silk Road

Sample ID Haplogroup HVS-I (16000+) HVS-II Population Region/Country Reference
AS2C5 A 182C 183C 189 193.1C 223 290 319 362 73 150 152 204 235 263 Ashkenazi Hungary 32
472 N9a 129 223 257A 261 73 146 150 263 Ashkenazi Russia 7
75916 N9a 129 223 257A 261 73 146 150 263 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C Ashkenazi Belarus Family Tree DNA
110612 N9a 129 223 257A 261 73 146 150 263 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C Ashkenazi Belarus Family Tree DNA
Bel 1a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Belarus This study
EU148486a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Belarus Family Tree DNA
4130b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Belarus Family Tree DNA
135479b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Western Ukraine Family Tree DNA
266609b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Western Ukraine Family Tree DNA
N50366b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Western Ukraine Family Tree DNA
N105293b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Russia Family Tree DNA
50126b M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Ashkenazi Russia Family Tree DNA
289247 M33c 111 223 235 362 (519)   Ashkenazi Western Ukraine Family Tree DNA
403 M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 Ashkenazi Belarus 7
404 M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 Ashkenazi Poland 7
405 M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 Ashkenazi Poland 7
406 M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 Ashkenazi Romania 7
Forum 1a,c M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Jew Belarus/Russia/Lithuania A Genetic Genealogy Community
JQ702003a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) N.A. N.A. 14
HN-SZ420a M33c 111 192 223 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Han Hunan, China 33, This study
HN-SZ167a M33c 111 223 235 356 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Han Hunan, China 33, This study
HN-SZ104a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 308-310d 315.1C (489) Han Hunan, China 33, This study
HN-SZ527a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Han Hunan, China 33, This study
JSH08058 M33c 111 129 223 235 284 300 362 (519) 73 150 263 315.1C Han Jiangsu, China This study
K9534a M33c 111 129 140 223 235 300 362 (519) 73 150 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Han Jilin, China This study
K9511a M33c 111 192 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C 471 (489) Han Jilin, China This study
H11694a M33c 104 111 223 362 (519) 73 263 Han Shaanxi, China This study
H11281a M33c 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C Han Shaanxi, China This study
DJY576a M33c 111 223 235 243 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C Han Sichuan, China This study
Zhuang21a M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Zhuang Guangxi, China This study
Zhuang74 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Zhuang Guangxi, China This study
Zhuang9 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 315.1C (489) Zhuang Guangxi, China This study
HN-SZ416 M33c 093 104 111 223 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C (489) Han Hunan, China 33
Dongguan-65 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 311 362 73 263 210 309.1C 310 315.1C Han Guangdong, China 34
539 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
129 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
136 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
499 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
370 M33c 104 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
149 M33c 111 223 235 362   Han Guangxi, China 35
Viet0121 M33c 111 223 362 (519) 73 203 263 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C (489) Vietnamese Vietnam 36
GD7815a M33c 093 104 111 223 362 73 146 263 309.1C 315.1C Han Guangdong, China 13
Yao171a M33c 111 129 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C Yao Hunan, China 13
MK13 M33c 111 129 223 235 300 362   Kam-Tai Guizhou, China 37
Kinh117 M33c 111 223 362 (519)   Kinh Vietnam 38
(03B)045 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362 (519) 73 263 309.1C 315.1C Han Guangdong, China 39
YZ-Tib05-23 M33c 092 104 111 223 362   Tibetan Yunnan, China 40
YZ-Tib05-8 M33c 092 104 111 223 362   Tibetan Yunnan, China 40
MHN43 M33c 111 223 235 362   Miao Hunan, China 41
YBP28 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362   Yao Guangdong, China 41
YLO22 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 305C 362   Yao Guangxi, China 41
YLO03 M33c 111 223 235 362   Yao Guangxi, China 41
YLO23 M33c 111 223 235 362   Yao Guangxi, China 41
GD7821 M33c 093 104 111 223 235 362 73 263 309.1C 315.1C Han Guangdong, China 42
HG00457a M33c 111 223 362 (519)   Han Hunan/Fujian, China 15
TL397 M33c 093 101 111 223 235 362 (519)   Thai Thailand 43
  1. aThe whole-mtDNA genome information is displayed on the phylogenetic tree (Figure 2).
    Figure 2
    figure2

    Phylogenetic tree of haplogroup M33c.

    The nucleotide positions in the sequences are scored relative to the rCRS27. Transversions are annotated by adding suffixes “A” and “T”. The recurrent variants are underlined and prefix @ designates a back mutational event; “s” means synonymous and “ns” means nonsynonymous mutation; “nc” refers to mutations at the intergenic noncoding regions in segments 577–16023; and “r” and “t” denote mutations in rRNA genes and tRNA genes, respectively. Length polymorphisms (e.g., 309.1C, 309.2C and 315.1C) are disregarded from the analysis. The newly sequenced samples in this study are marked in rectangles, while mtDNAs from the published literature are displayed in ellipses. Note: a This individual is from A Genetic Genealogy Community (http://eng.molgen.org/viewtopic.php?f=41&t=141).

  2. bThe individual has coding region information confirming its haplogroup assignment from the Family Tree DNA (www.familytreedna.com).
  3. cThis sequence is from A Genetic Genealogy Community (http://eng.molgen.org/viewtopic.php?f=41&t=141).
  4. N.A. = not available.
  5. All the samples in this study have confirmed G2361A mutation when assigning their haplogroup. The mutations (e.g. 489 and 16519) outside HVS-I and HVS-II are listed in the parentheses. The haplogroups A and N9a mtDNAs in the Far East are not shown here.