Figure 4 : Tubulins share electromagnetic frequency band in a complementary manner:

From: Live visualizations of single isolated tubulin protein self-assembly via tunneling current: effect of electromagnetic pumping during spontaneous growth of microtubule

Figure 4

(A). We have plotted growth factor (how many times the 1 μm/min) during synchronized in vitro for three species. Sudden fall is the point where several drugs were added, growth returns the specific features observed in conventional in vitro process. Then, the more tubulin is added to supersede the drug effect and remove noise, as soon as synchrony is established, high growth returns, the difference between three species disappears. Below the plot, we schematically present our model, during silent mode, due to synchrony the cylindrical form is produced, then it absorbs energy, and afterwards rapid assembly starts which releases energy, this is the rapid mode. (B). We plot ratio of the maximum average length <L> to the maximum length <Lmax>measured from the AFM chip as a function of frequency for all drugs and for all species put together. For three samples, MCF7 breast cancer cells, Fungi, and Soyabean tubulins, we show AFM images when the chips were pumped with 500 kHz, 3.7 MHz, and 20 MHz ac signals respectively. The scale bar is 10 μm.