Table 1 BMAA contents in the seafood purchased in eight supermarkets in Stockholm, Sweden during 2013 and 2014

From: Quantification of neurotoxin BMAA (β-N-methylamino-L-alanine) in seafood from Swedish markets

Name (Species/*Infraorder) Supermarket Purchase Date Capture Site Production Mode Process and Preservation Method BMAA/Tissue (μg/g)
Blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) S1 Feb. 14, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.90
  S2-L1 Sep. 03, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.34
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.42
  S3 Oct. 08, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.25
  S6 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.19
  S7 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.08
Oyster (Ostrea edulis, **Crassostrea gigas) S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Greece farmed raw 0.32
  S3 Oct. 08, 2013 France** farmed raw 0.66
  S6 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.10
  S7 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden (west coast) farmed raw 0.28
Shrimp (*Caridea) S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Sweden caught cooked 0.20
  S2-L2 Oct. 08, 2013 Northern Atlantic caught smoked 0.11
  S3 Oct. 08, 2013 Northern Atlantic caught cooked 0.20
  S4 Oct. 08, 2013 Sweden caught cooked/frozen 0.17
  S6 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden caught cooked/frozen 0.46
  S7 Oct. 09, 2013 Sweden caught cooked 0.13
Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Northeast Atlantic caught raw 0.01
  S1 Feb. 14, 2013 Northeast Atlantic caught raw 0.01
  S5 Oct. 09, 2013 Baltic Sea caught raw 0.02
Baltic Herring (Clupea harengus) S1 Feb. 14, 2013 Baltic Sea caught raw ND
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Baltic Sea caught raw 0.02
  S5 Oct. 09, 2013 Baltic Sea caught raw ND
Salmon (Salmo salar) S2-L1 Sep. 03, 2013 Norway farmed raw ND
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Norway farmed raw ND
  S2-L1 Aug. 07, 2014 Norway farmed raw ND
  S1 Aug. 07, 2014 Norway farmed raw ND
Char (Salvelinus alpinus) S1 Feb. 14, 2013 Sweden farmed raw ND
  S2-L1 Sep. 03, 2013 Sweden farmed raw 0.01
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Sweden farmed raw ND
Cod (Gadus morhua) S2-L1 Sep. 03, 2013 Norway caught raw ND
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Norway caught raw ND
  S2-L1 Aug. 07, 2014 Norway caught raw ND
  S1 Aug. 07, 2014 Norway caught raw ND
Perch (Perca fluviatilis) S1 Feb. 14, 2013 Northeast Atlantic caught raw ND
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Northeast Atlantic caught raw ND
  S1 Aug. 07, 2014 Sweden (lake) caught raw ND
  S2-L1 Aug. 07, 2014 Sweden (lake) caught raw ND
Crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) S2-L1 Sep. 03, 2013 Turkey unknown cooked/frozen ND
  S1 Sep. 04, 2013 Sweden (lake) caught cooked ND
  S2-L1 Aug. 07, 2014 Turkey caught cooked/frozen ND
  S1 Aug. 07, 2014 Turkey caught cooked/frozen ND
  S2-L1 Aug. 07, 2014 Sweden (lake) caught cooked ND
  S7 Aug. 07, 2014 Sweden caught cooked ND
  1. ND: not detectable (i.e., below the method LOD at 0.01 μg BMAA/g wet weight of sample tissue); S1–7 refers to the seven supermarkets where the samples were purchased; L1–2 refers to locations 1 and 2.
  2. The part analyzed was the whole soft body for blue mussel and oyster and muscle for others.