Figure 1 : Comparative results for the control (C) and noise (N) groups.

From: Anthropogenic noise causes body malformations and delays development in marine larvae

Figure 1

The height of the bars indicates the mean proportion of abnormal larvae (with body malformations) and of larvae in the most advanced developmental stage observed for each sampling interval: (A) trocophore; (B) flagelated early veliger; (C) newly secreted straight-hinged D-veliger; (D), (E), (F), (G) straight-hinged D-veliger mixed with some pediveliger in (G). The error bars mark the minimum and maximum values observed for each condition. Sample size was 800 larvae per sampling in (A) to (D) and 738, 473 and 470 larvae in (E), (F) and (G), respectively. Larval schematics reproduced with permission from FAO (2004) Helm, Bourne and Lovatelli. The hatchery culture of bivalves, a practical manual.