Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Oral health: The Sakata model

Send your letters to the Editor, British Dental Journal, 64 Wimpole Street, London, W1G 8YS. Priority will be given to letters less than 500 words long. Authors must sign the letter, which may be edited for reasons of space.

Sir, to tackle major challenges to its health system, Japan has enacted recent legislation to create integrated community-based comprehensive services (ICCS)1 of which, as Wilson articulated in his commentary,2 oral health is an essential part. The committee organised by the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare recently recommended the promotion of inter-professional collaboration, oral care in the context of ICCS, and preventive oral health care.3 The Japanese government is currently developing a new vision for oral healthcare along this line.

We think, however, that holistic care is not sufficient as the health system should be rebuilt in the future as a new 'social system' which is integrated to provide values to patients. In 2015, an advisory panel appointed by the health minister of young experts in their 30s and 40s, developed a vision of health care: Health Care 2035.4 Sakata City (100,000 population) is a unique rural community in Japan, having a model with this point of view. Since 1980, a group of dentists (re-educating themselves and other dentists nationally to become 'oral physicians' rather than dental surgeons), hygienists, specialists, community nurses, school teachers and government officials have collaborated with the private sector, academic institutions and civil society. The group has gradually developed a new social system to enhance oral care in a holistic manner with an emphasis on the patients' values.5

Local industries have started to pay for preventive oral care, which benefits employees and their family members and enhances productivity. The group has developed a consortium with large companies to advocate and facilitate the continuum of quality care after patient transfers. The consortium has developed a cloud-based, people-centred health information system. This system integrates various personal data and facilitates a personalised approach to health promotion and disease prevention by empowering each individual to design their own life style, with an ambitious goal, namely 'KEEP 28' to keep all of your own teeth for your general and oral health even for a 100-year life span. In 2016, Sakata City legislated for a holistic approach to oral care,6 obviously being influenced by these activities of the group. Professor Wilson's proposed advancements in oral health along with the Health Care 2035 vision are already taking place in a rural town in Japan.


  1. Reich M R, Shibuya K . The future of Japan's health system – sustaining good health with equity at low cost. N Engl J Med 2015; 373: 1793–1797.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Wilson N . Holistic care should be coming your way. Br Dent J 2017; 223: 568–569.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Committee on the Future Vision and Work Style Reform in Health Care. Tokyo: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. April 2017. Available at: (accessed December 2017).

  4. Japan Vision: Health Care 2035. Tokyo: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. June 2015. Available at: (accessed December 2017).

  5. Preventive medicine changes your life (In Japanese). December 2016. Available at: (accessed December 2017).

  6. Legislation to promote teeth and oral health care. Sakata City (In Japanese). March 2016. Available at: (accessed December 2017).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kumagai, T., Kumagai, N., Nishi, M. et al. Oral health: The Sakata model. Br Dent J 224, 2–3 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links