Table 1 Gender, use of loupes, self-reported exercise frequency and fitness of study participants, overall and by year group, identified as for example BDS1 is year 1 of programme

From: Musculoskeletal neck and back pain in undergraduate dental students at a UK dental school — a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic variables Respondents, N (%) Respondents per year group, N (%)
BDS 1 BDS 2 BDS 3 BDS 4 BDS 5
Male 145 (37) 32 35 16 29 33
Female 245 (63) 58 48 30 55 54
Total 390 90 83 46 84 87
Use of loupes 49 (12.6) 0 0 10 (22) 13 (15) 26 (30)
Self-reported exercise (days per week) 0 65 (17) 14 (15) 14 (17) 6 (13) 13 (15) 18 (21)
01-Mar 202 (52) 51 (57) 41 (49) 21 (46) 43 (51) 46 (53)
03-May 96 (24) 21 (23) 22 (26) 12 (26) 25 (30) 16 (18)
05-Jul 27 (7) 4 (4) 6 (7) 7 (15) 3 (4) 7 (8)
Self-reported fitness Poor 34 (9) 5 (6) 13 (16) 2 (4) 7 (8) 7 (7)
Moderate 222 (57) 61 (68) 44 (53) 23 (50) 52 (62) 42 (49)
Good 133 (34) 24 (27) 26 (31) 21 (46) 25 (30) 37 (44)