The purpose of this research was to obtain a single objective criterion that would constitute a reliable prediction of length and grade limits for ramps that can be traversed by any special category of wheelchair dependent individuals (WDI). The maximal voluntary force (MVC) is the main limiting factor of the performance of WDI, thus the force required to traverse a ramp has been established by means of a simple mechanical model. The real time course of force application during ascent was experimentally obtained. Then, a simplified law of force application was introduced in a computer simulation program of kinetics and kinematics of ascent. Inputs to the model were also the mass of the subject plus wheelchair, the initial velocity of the chair, and the ramp length. The output of the program was the force requirement for any given length/grade. When capsizing conditions were encountered the simulation ended. We tested the results thus obtained having some selected WDI successfully traversing ramps with the predicted length/grade specifications.
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Cappozzo, A., Felici, F., Figura, F. et al. Prediction of ramp traversability for wheelchair dependent individuals. Spinal Cord 29, 470–478 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1038/sc.1991.64
- Ramp length/grade predictions
- Wheelchair dependent individuals