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Homogeneous catalysis

Mechanistic study for efficient nitrogen fixation

The conversion of nitrogen (N2) to ammonia (NH3) is a key enabler in increasing global food production and nitrogen-containing feedstocks; however, the industrial process for producing NH3 from atmospheric N2 is energy intensive and has a large carbon footprint. Now, an efficient and mild catalytic method for the reduction of N2 has been demonstrated, contributing to the development of a more sustainable process for the production of NH3.

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Fig. 1: Catalytic reduction of N2 to NH3.


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Correspondence to Robert A. Flowers II.

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The author declares no competing interests.

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Flowers, R.A. Mechanistic study for efficient nitrogen fixation. Nat. Synth 2, 597–599 (2023).

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