Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

2D materials

Confined fluxes mediate 2D growth

Atomically thin materials have exciting physicochemical properties but multi-element and non-layered 2D materials are difficult to prepare by conventional methods. Now, a flux-assisted method is reported, enabling the synthesis of such 2D materials by confining reaction space.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Flux-assisted growth of non-conventional 2D materials.


  1. Novoselov, K. S. et al. Science 306, 666–669 (2004).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Geim, A. K. & Novoselov, K. S. Nat. Mater. 6, 183–191 (2007).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Zhang, P. et al. Nat. Synth. (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Cai, Z., Liu, B., Zou, X. & Cheng, H.-M. Chem. Rev. 118, 6091–6133 (2018).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Kanatzidis, M. G., Pöttgen, R. & Jeitschko, W. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 44, 6996–7023 (2005).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Bugaris, D. E. & zur Loye, H.-C. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 3780–3811 (2012).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Ciarrocchi, A., Tagarelli, F., Avsar, A. & Kis, A. Nat. Rev. Mater. 7, 449–464 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Jiang, C. et al. Nat. Electron. 5, 23–27 (2022).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Sierra, J. F., Fabian, J., Kawakami, R. K., Roche, S. & Valenzuela, S. O. Nat. Nanotechnol. 16, 856–868 (2021).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Ubrig, N. et al. Nat. Mater. 19, 299–304 (2020).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Youngdong Yoo.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kim, H., Yoo, Y. Confined fluxes mediate 2D growth. Nat. Synth 1, 833–834 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing