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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of thin films

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This PrimeView highlights how photoelectron emission is used to study the chemical bonding and elemental composition of a thin film.

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  • 23 August 2023

    In the version of this article originally published, the X-ray optics in the central hemispherical analyzer were not pointing to the sample, as is now amended in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.

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X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of thin films. Nat Rev Methods Primers 3, 41 (2023).

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