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CANCER THERAPY

Epigenetic Achilles’ heel of AML

Mutations in genes encoding epigenetic modifiers are frequent in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and have been proposed to cause AML via activation of oncogenes and repression of tumor suppressors. Two studies now identify unexpected oncogenic mechanisms and therapeutic vulnerabilities in AML arising from mutations in genes encoding the epigenetic regulators DNMT3A and ASXL1.

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Fig. 1: Novel oncogenic mechanisms of mutant epigenetic modifiers.

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Correspondence to Ulrich Steidl.

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U.S. reports research support and personal fees from Bayer Healthcare; personal fees from Celgene; research support from GlaxoSmithKline; research support and personal fees from Aileron Therapeutics; personal fees and involvement as scientific cofounder and member on the board of directors of Stelexis Therapeutics; personal fees from Pieris Pharmaceuticals; personal fees from Novartis; and personal fees from Vor Biopharma outside the submitted work.

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Ueda, K., Steidl, U. Epigenetic Achilles’ heel of AML. Nat Cancer 2, 481–483 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43018-021-00212-w

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