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Harnessing the potential of digital twins in seismology

Digital twins — virtual replicas of natural systems — are emerging as promising tools for assessing seismic hazard and for aiding disaster decision-making and earthquake rapid response. However, to truly harness their potential, the challenges of exascale computing must be tackled to create systems that are capable of adapting to ever-evolving earthquake dynamics.

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Fig. 1: Digital Twin Components in seismology.


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This contribution was supported by the EU project “A Digital Twin for Geophysical Extremes” (DT-GEO) (No: 101058129) and the European Research Council (ERC) Synergy Grant “Fault Activation and Earthquake Rupture” (FEAR) (No 856559). The authors gratefully acknowledge John Clinton for comments and suggestions.

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L.D.Z. and D.G. conceived the Comment and wrote the manuscript. All authors contributed substantially to discussion of the content, reviewed and edited the manuscript before submission.

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Correspondence to Luca Dal Zilio.

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A Digital Twin for Geophysical Extremes (DT-GEO):

Destination Earth (DestinE) initiative of the European Commission:

EU project “Fault Activation and Earthquake Rupture” (FEAR):

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Dal Zilio, L., Giardini, D., Carbonell, R. et al. Harnessing the potential of digital twins in seismology. Nat Rev Earth Environ 4, 510–512 (2023).

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