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The EU needs a nutrient directive

The EU needs an integrated nutrient directive that regulates the agricultural application of nitrogen and phosphorus to prevent ecosystem degradation and support the Farm to Fork initiative. This directive must go beyond the current, inadequate regulations by considering nutrient balances and accounting for regional differences.

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Fig. 1: The proposed nutrient directive compared to existing policies.


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The authors thank J. and F. Vollenbroek for their valuable comments on the first draft and F. Teunissen for language editing.

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Correspondence to Martin J. Wassen.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Wassen, M.J., Schrader, J., Eppinga, M.B. et al. The EU needs a nutrient directive. Nat Rev Earth Environ 3, 287–288 (2022).

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