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Famine in Gaza, questions for research and preventive action

The ongoing humanitarian crisis in Gaza is unprecedented in terms of the share of the population experiencing acute food insecurity and famine and the speed of the onset of the crisis. Research can help understand and anticipate the long-term impacts of the conflict on people and livelihoods, design more effective humanitarian support systems and identify options for creating resilient post-conflict livelihoods.

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Fig. 1: Damages and impacts of the war in Gaza since October 2023.


  1. IPC Global Initiative – Special Brief. The Gaza Strip (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, 2024);

  2. Vos, R. The population of Gaza is on the brink of famine. International Food Policy Research Institute (22 December 2023).

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  5. Food Systems Profile – Palestine. Catalysing Sustainable and Inclusive Transformation of Food Systems (FAO, European Union & CIRAD, 2023).

  6. OCHA. State of Palestine: Gaza Supplies and Dispatch Tracking. Humanitarian Data Exchange (2024);

  7. Vos, R. & Kim, S. Long-lasting devastation to livelihoods from damage to agricultural lands in Gaza. International Food Policy Research Institute (20 February 2024).

  8. Nutrition Vulnerability and Situtation Analysis / Gaza (Global Nutrition Cluster, 2024).

  9. Over half a million highly vulnerable people in the Gaza Strip receive humanitarian cash assistance. UNICEF (2024);

  10. Vos, R., Jackson, J., James, S. & Sánchez, M. V. in 2020 Global Food Policy Report Ch. 5, 46–53 (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2020);

  11. Overview of the damage to agricultural land and infrastructure due to the conflict in the Gaza Strip as of 15 February 2024. FAO (2024);

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Correspondence to Rob Vos.

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Vos, R., Elouafi, I. & Swinnen, J. Famine in Gaza, questions for research and preventive action. Nat Food 5, 346–348 (2024).

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