Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Correspondence
  • Published:

Climate goals require food systems emission inventories

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Crippa, M. et al. Nat. Food 2, 198–209 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Tubiello, F. N. et al. Preprint at Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss. (2021).

  3. Tubiello, F. N. et al. Environ. Res. Lett. 16, 065007 (2021).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Solazzo, E., Leip, A. & Tubiello, F. N. Figshare (2021).

  5. Crippa, M. et al. GHG Emissions of All World Countries - 2021 Report. EUR 30831 EN (Office of the European Union, 2021);

  6. Minx, J. C. et al. Earth Syst. Sci. Data 13, 5213–5252 (2021).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. IPCC Climate Change 2021: Mitigation of Climate Change (eds Jäger-Waldau, A. & Stern, D.) (in the press).

  8. Eggelston, S., Buendia, L., Miwa, K., Ngara, T. & Tanabe, K. (eds) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (IGES, 2006).

  9. Rosenzweig, C. et al. Nat. Food 1, 94–97 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (European Commission) & Group of Chief Scientific Advisors (European Commission). Towards a Sustainable Food System (European Union, 2020).

  11. Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety. Farm to Fork Strategy (Accessed 2 December 2021).

  12. IPCC Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013).

Download references


We are grateful to the EDGAR team (M.C., D.G., M. Banja, E. Schaaf, M. Muntean, E.S., F. Pagani and F. Monforti) for the work needed to publish the EDGAR v6.0 dataset ( We appreciate FAO’s contribution of LULUC data through its FAOSTAT database (G. Conchedda and F.T.). We also acknowledge S. Federici from the Institute of Global Environment and Society and C. Rosenzweig from the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies for their valuable contributions to this Correspondence.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



M.C. and E.S. drafted the manuscript. All authors provided critical revision of the manuscript, provided final approval of the published version and agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work. At the same time, the views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the FAO and EC.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Monica Crippa.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Guizzardi, D. et al. Climate goals require food systems emission inventories. Nat Food 3, 1 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing Anthropocene

Sign up for the Nature Briefing: Anthropocene newsletter — what matters in anthropocene research, free to your inbox weekly.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing: Anthropocene