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Towards a new generation of artificial intelligence in China


Artificial intelligence has become a main driving force for a new round of industrial transformation around the world. Many countries including China are seizing the opportunity of the AI revolution to promote domestic economic and technological development. This Perspective briefly introduces the New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan of China (2015–2030) from the point of view of the authors, a group of AI experts from academia and industry who have been involved in various stages of the plan. China’s AI development plan outlines a strategy for science and technology as well as education, tackling a number of challenges such as retaining talent, advancing fundamental research and exploring ethical issues. The New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan is intended to be a blueprint for a complete AI ecosystem for the country.

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We thank H. Shum and Z. Zhang for discussions and comments. We also thank the strategic consulting research project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering ‘AI 2.0 in China’, and the disruptive information technology research group of the Department of Information and Electronic Engineering at the Chinese Academy of Engineering. This paper is partly supported by AI Young Scientists Alliance, STCSM(Xuhui), SHEITC, NSFC (61625107).

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Correspondence to Yunhe Pan.

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Wu, F., Lu, C., Zhu, M. et al. Towards a new generation of artificial intelligence in China. Nat Mach Intell 2, 312–316 (2020).

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