Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Comment
  • Published:

Advancing impact assessment for intelligent systems

With the rise of AI technologies in society, we need a human impact assessment for technology.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Huxley, T. H. Nature 1, 9–11 (1869).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Kramer, A. D. I., Guillory, J. E. & Hancock, J. T. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 111, 8788–8790 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Wu, T. The Attention Merchants: The Epic Scramble to Get Inside Our Heads (Vintage, 2017).

  4. Bond, R. M. et al. Nature 489, 295–298 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Burr, C., Cristianini, N. & Ladyman, J. Minds Mach. 28, 735–774 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Crawford, K. & Calo, R. Nat. News 538, 311–313 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kross, E. et al. PLOS ONE 8, e69841 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Kemm, J., Parry, J., Palmer, S. & Palmer, S. R. (eds.) Health Impact Assessment (Oxford Univ. Press, 2004).

  9. Becker, H. A. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 128, 311–321 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Reisman, D., Schultz, J., Crawford, K. & Whittaker, M. Algorithmic Impact Assessments: A Practical Framework for Public Agency Accountability (AI Now Institute, 2018).

  11. Sachs, J., Becchetti, L. & Annett, A. World Happiness Report 2016 Vol. 2 (UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, 2016).

  12. Peters, D., Calvo, R. A. & Ryan, R. M. Front. Psychol. 9, 797 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. Psychol. Inq. 11, 227–268 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI (European Commission, 2019).

  15. Floridi, L. et al. Minds Mach. 28, 689–707 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rafael A. Calvo.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Calvo, R.A., Peters, D. & Cave, S. Advancing impact assessment for intelligent systems. Nat Mach Intell 2, 89–91 (2020).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing AI and Robotics

Sign up for the Nature Briefing: AI and Robotics newsletter — what matters in AI and robotics research, free to your inbox weekly.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing: AI and Robotics