Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Big science in India

Current and future big science projects in India are providing opportunities for young researchers and building technological capabilities, while contributing to new scientific discoveries. Seven scientists involved in these large-scale projects reflect on the impact their project has on the Indian research landscape.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



G.C. Anupama is a professor at the Indian Institute of Astrophysics and in charge of the Indian Astronomical Observatory. A Ph.D. in Physics, she is an observational astronomer with expertise in the study of transients. She is the President of the Astronomical Society of India.

Subhasis Chattopadhyay, a senior Scientific Officer at VECC-Kolkata, India, is involved in experimental high energy nuclear physics research and associated instrumentation. In addition to performing experiments in CERN-Geneva, STAR-BNL, he is currently coordinating India’s participation in the FAIR facility in Germany.

Shishir Deshpande is a physicist working at the Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar, since 1993. From 2007 to 2018, he worked as the Project Director of India’s Domestic Agency for ITER. His interests are tokamak physics and fusion science.

Joydeep Ghosh is a professor at the Institute for Plasma Research and leads the ADITYA-U Operation Division. He has actively been pursuing the operations and experiments in ADITYA-U. His current research interests include transport and confinement, disruption control and runaway mitigation in tokamaks and plasma spectroscopy.

Rohini Godbole is an honorary professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore. She is an internationally acclaimed theoretical physicist, working for more than four decades and has been associated with CERN and the CERN-India cooperation programme in many capacities.

D. Indumathi works at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai. She is interested in the interface of theory and experiment, a field called phenomenology, to understand particles such as protons and neutrinos, their properties and interactions. She is also interested in science popularization in general.

Tarun Souradeep is a professor at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune. He has led a cosmology subgroup on cosmic microwave background studies and coordinated a national initiative for gravitational waves experimentation and science. He serves as the member secretary of Scientific Management Board and the scientific spokesperson for LIGO-India.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to G. C. Anupama, Subhasis Chattopadhyay, Shishir Deshpande, Joydeep Ghosh, Rohini M. Godbole, D. Indumathi or Tarun Souradeep.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Anupama, G.C., Chattopadhyay, S., Deshpande, S. et al. Big science in India. Nat Rev Phys 3, 728–731 (2021).

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing