Fig. 10: Cassiosomes observed in jellyfish species of the order Rhizostomeae. | Communications Biology

Fig. 10: Cassiosomes observed in jellyfish species of the order Rhizostomeae.

From: Cassiosomes are stinging-cell structures in the mucus of the upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea xamachana

Fig. 10

Cladogram of species examined in this study from two orders Rhizostomeae: ac Cassiopea xamachana, df Mastigias papua, gi Phyllorhiza punctata, jl Netrostoma setouchianum, and mo Catostylus mosaicus, and p Semaeostomeae Aurelia sp., and their respective cassiosome structures, when present. Abbreviations: iso = isorhiza nematocysts; rhp = rhopaloid nematocysts; * = could not confirm type of nematocysts. Blue symbols: star = motile via cilary movement; hexagon = non-motile; circle = endosymbiotic dinoflagellates within cassiosomes confirmed; oval = microalgae on the surface of cassiosomes confirmed; asterix = could not confirm presence or absence of algal symbioints; X = no cassiosomes witnessed within the mucus. Scale bar: Scale bar: a = 1.5 cm; d, g, j, m, p = 2.5 cm; b, e, h, k, n, o = 300 µm; c, i, l = 200 µm; f, o = 100 µm.

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